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Challenges and trends within eco-design
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2552-3636
2015 (English)In: EcoDesign 2015 International Symposium, 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Despite years of research and other activities in society the anthropogenic impact on nature still increase. Eco-design has a potential to reduce this impact, but yet a minority of companies practice it. The aim of this paper is to identify current challenges and trends within eco-design. In addition, the paper further aims to disclose important eco-design related research gaps. Eco-design challenges and trends have been studied in 22 selected papers, out of 52, found in ScienceDirect during April 2015. In addition, four snowballed papers from the same database and one standard were included. Challenges and trends are revealed and structured into four categories; 1) system and success level; 2) strategy level; 3) action level; and 4) tools level. Most challenges and least trends are found within the first category: systems and success level. An implication from the result is that research and other activities should more than today be supported by a system and success level. Future research should focus on understanding the industry’s perspective, help set requirements in product specifications, create low economic risk implementation roadmaps, understanding how to map knowledge and information to aid eco-design implementation. It is also preferable to facilitate an efficient inclusion of social and economic aspects when practicing eco-design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keywords [en]
eco-design, ecodesign, sustainable, product development, product design, engineering design, challenges, trends
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering Other Mechanical Engineering Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124695DiVA, id: diva2:902157
Conference
International conference on EcoDesign2015, Tokyo, December 2-4, 2015
Available from: 2016-02-10 Created: 2016-02-10 Last updated: 2018-12-04
In thesis
1. Inclusion of sustainability aspects in product development at manufacturing companies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inclusion of sustainability aspects in product development at manufacturing companies
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Due to current consumption and production patterns of products, pressure on already constrained natural resources, an increasing global population, increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and reduced access to clean water globally, studying manufacturing companies’ inclusion of sustainability aspects in their product development becomes important.

The aim of this thesis is to expand current knowledge on the inclusion of sustainability aspects in product development at manufacturing companies. More specifically, the expansion of current knowledge covers how manufacturing companies include sustainability aspects in product development, the challenges manufacturing companies may face when including sustainability aspects in product development, and the reasons for these challenges.

To fulfil this aim, a literature study and a multiple case study were conducted at two international, listed, manufacturing companies in Sweden. Empirical data was collected using semi-structured interviews with two employees at each company and by analyzing the companies’ latest sustainability report.

Empirical results include two context-dependent descriptions of how manufacturing companies include sustainability aspects in product development, 21 challenges the companies face, and 14 reasons for those challenges.

Conclusions include: (1) the role of conventional methods when including sustainability aspects in product development has been largely ignored in prior research; (2) a company’s product owner influences the inclusion of sustainability aspects in product development, and in product requirements in particular; (3) the following three challenges are proposed incorporated in a comprehensive framework of challenges that has been developed in prior research:

  • Making suppliers fulfil the sustainability requirements that are placed on them.
  • Transforming sustainability aspects, or general goals, into measurable requirements that contribute to reduced environmental impact from products while at the same time contributing to competitive profit.
  • Identifying how to reach economic goals more efficiently with a more sustainable initiative or solution than other initiatives.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 108
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Licentiate Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1828
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153234 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-153234 (DOI)9789176851524 (ISBN)
Presentation
2018-12-20, ACAS: Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved

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