ACCURATE KAP METER CALIBRATION AS A PREREQUISITE FOR OPTIMISATION IN PROJECTION RADIOGRAPHY
2016 (English)In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry, ISSN 0144-8420, E-ISSN 1742-3406, Vol. 169, no 1-4, 353-359 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Modern X-ray units register the air kerma–area product, PKA, with a built-in KAP meter. Some KAP meters show an energydependent bias comparable with the maximum uncertainty articulated by the IEC (25 %), adversely affecting dose-optimisation processes. To correct for the bias, a reference KAP meter calibrated at a standards laboratory and two calibration methods described here can be used to achieve an uncertainty of <7 % as recommended by IAEA. A computational model of the reference KAP meter is used to calculate beam quality correction factors for transfer of the calibration coefficient at the standards laboratory, Q0, to any beam quality, Q, in the clinic. Alternatively, beam quality corrections are measured with an energy-independent dosemeter via a reference beam quality in the clinic, Q1, to beam quality, Q. Biases up to 35 % of built-in KAP meter readings were noted. Energy-dependent calibration factors are needed for unbiased PKA. Accurate KAP meter calibration as a prerequisite for optimisation in projection radiography.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2016. Vol. 169, no 1-4, 353-359 p.
Medical Image Processing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124662DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncv524ISI: 000383492100056PubMedID: 26743261OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124662DiVA: diva2:901896
Funding agencies: Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM [SSM 2014-1204]2016-02-092016-02-092016-10-18Bibliographically approved