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Vindkraft och lokala förankringsprocesser: Perspektiv på deltagande, förståelse och acceptans
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
2016 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Wind Power and Local Consultation Processes : Perspectives on Participation, Understanding, and Acceptance (English)
Abstract [en]

This study examines different meanings attached to and practices adopted during Swedish local consultation processes on offshore wind power projects. It analyses the role played by those processes in a democratic planning context, as well as the ways in which they are implemented. It also identifies overarching process models. The study is informed by theories on democracy, planning, participation, communication, and media. The empirical material comprises three case studies, each examining experiences of local consultation processes for wind power projects that led to differences in local reception. Methodologically, the study triangulates analyses of semi-structured interviews, documents and news articles.

The results show that, in a Swedish context, the role of local consultation processes is to create legitimacy and trust in the process and planning decisions. The complex dynamics become evident in the different forms of participation, knowledge generation, and communication employed during the consultation. This is shown to be the result of various democratic and planning attitudes to locally-situated interests and knowledge, which in turn lead to differing views on local understanding for and acceptance of project proposals. The study develops three schematic models that correspond to different types of consultation processes. An important conclusion is that the content and form of local consultation processes depends on the agency of several actors on different scales. They are not simple pre-designed by project planners, but the result of a far more complex interaction between a host of local actors, including officials, local media, and local communities. The categorisation of different local consultation processes could contribute to awareness about the implications of various ways of working with large-scale projects from local perspectives.

Abstract [sv]

I den här avhandlingen undersöks lokala förankringsprocesser med ett särskilt fokus på havsbaserade vindkraftsprojekt. Diskussionen uppehåller sig vid frågor om förankringsprocessens roll i en svensk planeringskontext, samt hur olika utformningar av processen kan påverka det lokala mottagandet.

Studien visar att förankringsprocesser ytterst handlar om legitimitet och tillit. I praktiken förekommer en stor variation, komplexitet och dynamik i lokala förankringsprocesser. Det yttrar sig bland annat genom olika former av deltagande, kunskapsbyggande och kommunikation. Centralt i resonemangen är demokratiska och planeringsmässiga förhållningssätt till platsbundna intressen och kunskaper. På så sätt tydliggörs skillnader i synen på förståelse och lokal acceptans avseende ett projektförslag. Genom studien urskiljs också tre schematiska förankringsmodeller som belyser sådana skillnader. Förståelse för lokala förankringsprocesser har betydelse inte minst avseende påverkan på lokal acceptans för storskaliga projekt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016. , 232 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2016:8
Keyword [en]
local consultation processes, off-shore wind power, planning, legitimacy, participation
Keyword [sv]
förankring, havsbaserad vindkraft, planering, legitimitet, medborgardeltagande
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Human Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-39850ISBN: 978-91-7063-686-8OAI: diva2:901887
Public defence
2016-03-22, Andersalen 11D121, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 10:15
Available from: 2016-03-01 Created: 2016-02-09 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved

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