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Tonåringars och ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med typ 1- diabetes
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Typ- 1 diabetes är en autoimmun sjukdom som behandlas med tillförsel av insulin, goda matvanor och regelbunden fysisk aktivitet. Sjukdomen drabbar ofta barn och ungdomar som beskriver en svårighet att balansera egenvården med vardagslivet. Syfte: Att belysa tonåringars och ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med typ 1- diabetes. Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes, 8 kvalitativa artiklar inkluderades i resultatet och analyserades genom Fribergs metod. Resultat: Fem kategorier skapades vid analys: Relationer till omgivningen, stöd respektive brist på stöd från omgivningen, förlorad autonomi, känslomässiga och fysiska reaktioner och hantering och anpassning. Konklusion: Att leva med typ-1 diabetes kan vara tufft på många sätt för tonåringar och ungdomar. De beskriver svårigheter i samband med att vara beroende av föräldrar och vuxna samt en osäkerhet i hanteringen av sjukdomen vilket kan förvärra situationen. Att tidigt involvera tonåringarna och ungdomarna i deras egenvård kan hjälpa dem att känna sig mer självsäkra och bli självständiga i hanteringen av sjukdomen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which is treated with insulin, good eating habits and physical activity. The disease is more common in children and young people who describe difficulties to balance their self-care with their everyday life. Aim: To elucidate teenagers and young people's experiences of living with type 1 diabetes. Method: A literature study was performed.  Eight qualitative articles was included in the results and was analyzed according to Friberg’s method for literature review. Results: Five categories were created during the analysis: The relationships to the surrounding, support and lack of support from the surroundings, lost autonomy, emotional and physical reactions and management and adjustment. Conclusions: Living with type 1 diabetes can be tough for teenagers and young people in many ways. They describe difficulties associated with being dependent of parents and adults as well as insecurity in the management of the disease which might worsen the situation. To involve teenagers and young people in self-care activities at an earlier age might help them to feel more confident and become more independent in the management of the disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Type 1- diabetes, teenagers, young people, experiences
Keyword [sv]
Typ 1- diabetes, tonåringar, ungdomar, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-115915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-115915DiVA: diva2:901145
Available from: 2016-04-11 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2016-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Tonåringars och ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med typ 1- diabetes(797 kB)132 downloads
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