Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Associations between Parental Concerns about Preschoolers' Weight and Eating and Parental Feeding Practices: Results from Analyses of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire, the Child Feeding Questionnaire, and the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 1, e0147257Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Insight into parents' perceptions of their children's eating behaviors is crucial for the development of successful childhood obesity programs. However, links between children's eating behaviors and parental feeding practices and concerns have yet to be established. This study aims to examine associations between parental perceptions of preschoolers' eating behaviors and parental feeding practices. First, it tests the original 8-factor structure of the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ). Second, it examines the associations with parental feeding practices, measured with the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to parents from 25 schools/preschools in Stockholm, Sweden and to parents starting a childhood obesity intervention. The CEBQ factor structure was tested with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Associations between CEBQ subscales Food approach and Food avoidance and CFQ factors Restriction, Pressure to eat and Monitoring were examined with structural equation modelling (SEM), adjusting for child and parental characteristics, and parental confidence, measured with the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist (LBC). CFQ Concern for child weight and Perceived responsibility for child eating were used as mediators.

RESULTS: 478 parents completed the questionnaires (children: 52% girls, mean age 5.5 years, 20% overweight/obese). A modified 8-factor structure showed an acceptable fit (TLI = 0.91, CFI = 0.92, RMSEA = 0.05 and SRMR = 0.06) after dropping one item and allowing three pairs of error terms to correlate. The SEM model demonstrated that Food approach had a weak direct effect on Restriction, but a moderate (β = 0.30) indirect effect via Concern, resulting in a substantial total effect (β = 0.37). Food avoidance had a strong positive effect on Pressure to eat (β = 0.71).

DISCUSSION: The CEBQ is a valid instrument for assessing parental perceptions of preschoolers' eating behaviors. Parental pressure to eat was strongly associated with children's food avoidance. Parental restriction, however, was more strongly associated with parents' concerns about their children's weights than with children's food approach. This suggests that childhood obesity interventions should address parents' perceptions of healthy weight alongside perceptions of healthy eating.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 1, e0147257
National Category
Health Sciences Pediatrics Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Pediatrics; Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-275759DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147257ISI: 000368655300082PubMedID: 26799397OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-275759DiVA: diva2:900959
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilVINNOVA, 2011-03443The Karolinska Institutet's Research FoundationSven Jerring FoundationMagnus Bergvall FoundationHelge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2016-02-05 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(535 kB)233 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 535 kBChecksum SHA-512
988ee869fbc52996397c8f1fddc8848e4823b83a9b4d59a09da3f49c5dc059e2889c90f4ef92e43c708e2aa8398cd81a74adc889c83a0afdb0ee12812b6af006
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Nowicka, Paulina

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nowicka, Paulina
By organisation
Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
In the same journal
PLoS ONE
Health SciencesPediatricsNutrition and Dietetics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 233 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 749 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf