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Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande och preventiva arbete på gymnasieskolan: - ur ett elevperspektiv
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Students perspectives on the school nurse ́s role in health education and prevention of illness in secondary school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Allt fler rapporter visar att den psykiska ohälsan ökar bland ungdomar i Sverige och då främst bland flickor. Gymnasieskolan är en stor mötesplats för ungdomar och skolsköterskan är en viktig person då hon träffar alla ungdomar minst en gång under deras gymnasietid, i det av Skolverket fastställda hälsosamtalet. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur elever inom gymnasieskolan vill att deras  skolsköterska ska arbeta hälsofrämjande och preventivt. Gymnasieelever vid två olika skolor i nordvästra Skåne intervjuades i två olika fokusgrupper.  Intervjumaterialet transkriberades och analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Efter resultatanalysen framkom tre kategorier: kommunikation, skolsköterskan som aktör på gymnasieskolan och interaktion. Faktorer som att  skolsköterskan skall finnas där, vara lättillgänglig och inge trygghet var viktiga för  gymnasieeleverna. Resultatet visar att skolsköterskan behövs inom gymnasieskolan men behöver synliggöra sitt arbete. Vidare forskning, både ur elevernas och ur skolsköterskans perspektiv behövs. Ungas ökade psykiska ohälsa finns högt på agendan i Sverige idag, ändå är skolsköterskan och elevhälsan på gymnasienivå ett område som fortfarande är outforskat.

Abstract [en]

Research is accumulating which indicates that mental illness is increasing among youth in Sweden and especially among female youth. Secondary school is a significant meeting place for young people and the school nurse is an important person as he or she meets with each youth at least once in the health conversation required by the school system. The goal of this study was to investigate how secondary school students want their school nurse to work in the promotion of health and prevention of illness. Students at two different secondary schools in south Sweden were interviewed in two different focus groups. The data procured from the interviews was transcribed and qualitatively analyzed. Three categories were derived from this analysis: communication, the school nurse's role in the secondary school and interaction. The students deemed that factors such as the presence of the nurse, the availability of the nurse and the nurse's ability to communicate safety  were important. The results indicated that the nurse is needed in the secondary school, but he or she also needs to make his or her work visible. More research is needed from both the perspective of the students and the nurses. Increasing the mental health of young people is a high priority in Sweden today. But the school nurse and student health at the secondary level is still largely unresearched.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Health dialogues, health promotion, pupil in secondary school, pupils perspective, school nurse
Keyword [sv]
Elevperspektiv, gymnasieelev, hälsofrämjande, hälsosamtal, skolsköterska
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-30302OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-30302DiVA: diva2:900664
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
2016-01-12, Halmstad Högskola, Halmstad, 20:01 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-14 Created: 2016-02-04 Last updated: 2016-02-14Bibliographically approved

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