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Vad göra: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med självskadebeteende
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What to do : Nurses´ experiences of caring for patients who self-harm. (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Självskadebeteende är skador mot den egna kroppen genom att skära, rispa eller bränna sig utan avsikt att ta sitt liv. Det framkommer att personal känner bristande förståelse och frustration för patienter med självskadeproblem och att de inte vet hur man ska ta hand om dem. Syfte: Att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor inom psykiatrisk heldygnsvård upplever att vårda patienter med självskadebeteende. Metod: En kvalitativ metod användes och datainsamling skedde via intervjuer med sjuksköterskor inom den psykiatriska heldygnsvården (n=14). Materialet transkriberades och analyserades med innehållsanalys. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i ett tema, tre kategorier och sex underkategorier. Temat blev ”Vad göra”, de tre kategorierna blev ”En patientgrupp i nöd”, ”En patientgrupp som berör” och ”En behövande profession”. De sex underkategorierna blev ”Dåtidens brister”, ”I stridens hetta”, ”Mig som sjuksköterska”, ”Oss i personalgruppen”, ”I behov av stöd och vägledning” och ”I kunskapstörst”. Konklusion: Patienter med självskadebeteende berör den enskilda sjuksköterskan men också personalgruppen. Upplevelser vittnar om en patientgrupp i nödliknande situation både förr och idag. Förhoppningen är att med stöd, ökad kunskap och vägledning till verksamma sjuksköterskor förändra upplevelserna av att vårda patienter med självskadebeteende

Abstract [en]

Background: Self-harm is damage to the own body and includes cut, scratch or burn without intending to take one´s own life. It appears that staff feel lack of understanding and frustration for patients who self- harms and that they don´t know how to care for them. Aim: To describe nurses experiences of caring for patients who self- harm in psychiatric inpatient care. Methods: A qualitative approach was used and data collection was done through interviews with nurses in psychiatric inpatient care (n = 14). The interviews were transcribed and analyzed by content analysis. Results: The analysis resulted in one theme, three categories and six subcategories. The theme was "What to do", the three categories were "A population in need", "A population who affect" and "A profession in need". The six subcategories were "The inadequacies of yesterday”, "In the heat of battle," "Me as a nurse," "us in the personnel”, " "In need of support and guidance," and "In thirst for knowledge". Conclusion: Patients who self- harm affects the individual nurse but also the staff group. Experiences indicate a patient population with a situation in needs, both past and present. It is hoped that with the support, increased knowledge and guidance to the active nurses changing experiences of caring for patients with self-injurious behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Self-harm, qualitative methods, nursing care, experience.
Keyword [sv]
Självskadebeteende, Kvalitativ metod, Omvårdnad, Upplevelser
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124573OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124573DiVA: diva2:900393
Subject / course
Specialist Nursing Programme in Mental Health Care
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-01 Created: 2016-02-04 Last updated: 2016-06-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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