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50 years of Democracy in Botswana: The study of the democratic consolidation from 1965-2015
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
50 år av Demokrati i Botswana : En studie av den demokratiska konsolideringen från 1965-2015 (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Botswana's democracy has been labeled as ‘the African Miracle’ by the international community. However, in its 50 years of independence, there has been no change in government from the ruling party and the opposition is institutionally weak. The purpose for this study is to analyze the extent of democratic consolidation in Botswana and to try to analyze the challenges in the processes of democratic consolidation.

In order to answer the research questions that are put forth in this study, Linz and Stepan’s theoretical framework were used against empirical evidence about Botswana from its independence in 1965 to 2015.

The results show that in Botswana the democracy is not consolidated and point toward a more stable democracy than a deeply consolidated democracy. Stable democracy is centered upon the actual functions rather the depth of democracy. The main challenges for further democratic consolidation is the constitutional framework that lack accountability for the executive, the longevity of a dominant party system, the uneven ‘playing field’, the weak opposition, the restrictions and limitation upon the independent media and the civil society. Botswana’s exceptional reputation is exaggerated, while the country have had uninterrupted elections, the depth and quality of the democracy is shallow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
Botswana, democratization, democratic consolidation, stable democracy, consolidated democracy, Linz & Stepan, five arenas, three dimensions
Keyword [sv]
Botswana, demokratisering, demokratisk konsolidering, stabil demokrati, konsoliderad demokrati, Linz & Stepan, fem arenor, tre dimensioner
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-49524OAI: diva2:900033
Subject / course
Political Science
Educational program
International Social Sciences Programme, specialization Global Studies, 180 credits
Available from: 2016-02-03 Created: 2016-02-03 Last updated: 2016-02-03Bibliographically approved

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