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Lean Production ur ett medarbetarperspektiv: En kartläggning av medarbetares välbefinnande
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Lean Production from an employee perspective : a mapping of employee well-being (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med studien är att från ett medarbetarperspektiv belysa effekterna av Lean Production, med inriktning på upplevda effekter gällande välbefinnande. Detta görs genom en kartläggning av JDC(S)-modellens tre dimensioner Krav, Kontroll och Stöd.

Metod: Studien utgår från den hermeneutiska vetenskapstraditionen med ett socialkonstruktivistiskt förhållningssätt till verkligheten. Genom en deduktiv forskningsansats relateras teori och empiri i en fallstudie. Ett kvalitativt angreppssätt genom tio semistrukturerade intervjuer utgör basen för det empiriska materialet, vilket sedermera analyseras i en tematisk analys.

Resultat & slutsats: Studien tyder på att medarbetare upplever högre krav i kombination med lägre jobbkontroll som effekter av Lean Production. De negativa effekterna som detta kan medföra på välbefinnandet tycks dock kunna minska om medarbetarna erhåller ett starkt socialt stöd från kollegor, närmsta chef och familj.

Förslag till fortsatt forskning: I studien finner vi framförallt två områden där vi tror att en fördjupad förståelse skulle kunna uppnås genom vidare forskning. Det första är en kompletterande anonym surveyundersökning för att studera medarbetarnas relation till sin närmaste chef. Det andra är en fördjupad litteraturstudie kring kollegors inneboende vilja att hjälpa varandra på arbetsplatsen. Därutöver anser vi att en vidare forskning kring huruvida kortare arbetstid kan öka produktiviteten och medarbetares välmående skulle vara intressant.

Studiens bidrag: Studien belyser betydelsen av socialt stöd för det upplevda välbefinnandet bland medarbetare. Det sociala stödet tycks vara speciellt viktigt i arbeten som förknippas med höga krav och en låg grad av kontroll, som exempelvis inom tillverkningsindustrin. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight the impact of Lean Production from an employee perspective, with a focus on perceived impact of well-being. This is done by mapping the JDC(S)-model's three dimensions Demand, Control and social Support.

Method: The study is based on the hermeneutic science tradition with a social constructivist approach to reality. Theory and empirical evidence are related through a deductive research approach in a case study. A qualitative method through ten semi-structured interviews form the basis of the empirical material, which subsequently is analyzed in a thematic analysis.

Result & Conclusions: The study suggests that employees experience the effects of Lean Production as higher demands coupled with low job control. However, the negative effects this can entail on the well-being seems to be reduced if the employees receive a strong social support from colleagues, line manager and family.

Suggestions for further research: Primarily we find two areas in the study where we believe that a deeper understanding could be achieved through further research. The first is a complementary anonymous survey where employees' relationship with their line manager is studied. The second is a detailed literature study about colleagues' intrinsic desire to help each other in the workplace. In addition, we believe that further research on whether shorter working hours can increase productivity and employee well-being would be interesting.

Contribution of the thesis: The study highlights the importance of social support for the perceived well-being among employees. Social support seems to be especially important in jobs that are associated with high demands and low degree of job control, such as in manufacturing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 78 p.
Keyword [en]
Lean Production, Well-being, Employees, JDC(S)-model, Demand, Control, Social support
Keyword [sv]
Lean Production, Välbefinnande, Medarbetare, JDC(S)-modellen, Krav, Kontroll, Stöd
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-21177OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-21177DiVA: diva2:899949
Subject / course
Business administration
Educational program
Business administration
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-02-02 Last updated: 2016-03-04Bibliographically approved

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