Men's perceptions of how gender equality affects gender relations at household levels in rural Uganda: - A case study conducted in two villages in Isingiro district in South-West Uganda
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
In Uganda, the constitution provide protection for women´s rights. However, progress is still slow and the situation on household levels are largely unknown. Many focus on the challenges for women when it comes to gender equality, but as there is now a general recognition of the importance to include men in this work, this study aims to focus on men's perceptions and thoughts regarding gender equality, women empowerment, gender roles and social change, to contribute valuable information on this matter. Previous studies have shown signs of male resistance towards gender equality. To best understand the underlying reasons for this resistance, the theory of Hegemonic Masculinities by Connell and Messerschmidt was chosen to analyse the findings. This theory suggests that hierarchies between men, and notions of male ideals, can have an impact on men´s behaviour. A field study was conducted in rural Uganda which used the methods of individual interviews and focus group discussions, targeting men in different ages and socio-economic backgrounds. The questions asked regarded the roles for men and women, how the roles are changing, their perception of gender equality and the impact of women empowerment on gender relations, all with a focus on house hold level. These answers were complemented by key respondents on both local and national level. The main results of this study shows that there seems to be a general change in the role for women, but the male ideal is still tied to being the provider and leader in the family. Gender equality was in somewhat contradictory viewed as something good that could lead to development, as long as the men could remain higher in status than women. Lastly, many men seemed worried about women empowerment leading to disrespect, arguments and divorce, even though some benefits also were recognized. These findings indicate that “universal ideas” of gender equality have a wide range of local interpretations that needs to be taken into consideration when promoting gender equality in a development context.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 42 p.
Hegemonic Masculinities, Gender Equality, Women Empowerment, Gender Relations, Uganda
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-49437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-49437DiVA: diva2:898941
Subject / course
Peace and development
Peace and Development Programme, 180 credits
2016-01-20, K3041, Linnaeus University, 35195 Växjö, Sweden, 18:01 (English)
Ewald, Jonas, Senior Lecturer (PhD)
Gelot, Ludwig, Senior Lecturer (PhD)