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Distriktssköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av patientundervisning till personer med diabetes – utifrån ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt: En kvalitativ studie
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
District nurses’ perceptions and experiences of patient education for people with diabetes – based on a person-centered approach : A qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]


Syftet med studien var att beskriva distriktssköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av patientundervisning till patienter med diabetes samt att identifiera aspekter som kan relateras till ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt.


Deskriptiv design med kvalitativ ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer användes vid datainsamlingen. Vid urvalet användes strategiskt urval. Nio intervjuer utfördes med distriktssköterskor på sex olika vårdcentraler i Mellansverige. Vid analysen användes kvalitativ innehållsanalys.


Distriktssköterskorna önskade mer kunskap om invandrares kost- och motionsvanor. Distriktssköterskorna uttryckte att det var roligt och spännande med patientundervisning och att det var viktigt att de var engagerade. Distriktssköterskorna ville arbeta mer i team och de upplevde att de hade för lite tid avsatt för patientundervisning. De ansåg att de arbetade personcentrerat men det var svårare att arbeta personcentrerat vid gruppundervisning än vid enskild undervisning.


Distriktssköterskor bör ha god kunskap om kulturella skillnader hos patienter med diabetes. Distriktssköterskorna upplever brist på tid- och resurser och önskar samarbeta mera i team. Det är viktigt med ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt där distriktssköterskorna utgår från den enskilda individen. En distriktssköterska som är engagerad och trivs med sitt arbete kan lättare klara av det ökade trycket och arbetsbelastningen.

Abstract [en]


The aim of the study was to describe district nurses´ perceptions and experiences of patient education for patients with diabetes and to identify aspects that can be related to a person-centered approach.


Descriptive design with qualitative approach with semi structured interviews were used for data collection. In the selection process was strategically selection used. Nine interviews were conducted with district nurses at six different medical centers in central Sweden. In the analysis used qualitative content analysis.


District nurses wanted more knowledge about immigrants' eating and exercise habits. District nurses expressed that it was fun and exciting with patient education and that it was important that they were engaged. District nurses wanted to work more in teams and they felt they had too little time set aside for patient education. They felt that they were working person-centered but it was more difficult to work person centered at group education than private education.


District nurses should have good knowledge of cultural differences in patients with diabetes. District nurses perceive lack of time and resources and want more cooperate in teams. It is important with a person-centered approach, where district nurses based on the individual person. A district nurse who is engaged and enjoy their work can help dealing with the increased pressure and workload.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
patient education, district nurses´, person-centered approach, diabetes
Keyword [sv]
patientundervisning, distriktssköterskor, personcentrerat förhållningssätt, diabetes
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-20861OAI: diva2:898559
Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-28

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