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Arbetsmotivation: En jämförande studie mellan olika anställningsformer
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Arbetsmotivation på en arbetsplats kan kännetecknas av en bra arbetsmiljö, ett ökat ansvarstagande och att chefen och medarbetarna strävar efter att uppnå samma mål. I det moderna arbetslivet har arbetsmarknaden förändrats med ständiga effektiviseringar och slimmade organisationer. En påföljd är att andelen tidsbegränsat anställda har ökat som anställningsform. Syftet med denna studie var att få en utökad kunskap om faktorer som kan påverka arbetsmotivation med betoning på eventuella skillnader i arbetsmotivation mellan olika anställningsformer. Studien genomfördes på fem anläggningar inom bad- och friskvårdsbranschen i södra Sverige och 114 personer, fast- och tidsbegränsat anställda deltog. För att mäta arbetsmotivation utvecklades en skala baserad på QPS-Nordic 34+ (General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychology and Social Factors at work), som avser att mäta psykologiska och sociala faktorer i arbetslivet. Från denna skala valdes sju domäner: arbetskrav, kontroll i arbetet, social interaktion, organisationskultur, ledarskap, engagemang i organisationen, och arbetsmotiv, tillsammans med tre frågor om kön, ålder och arbetsposition. Resultatet visade ingen signifikant skillnad i arbetsmotivation mellan anställningsformer. Däremot sågs en positiv signifikant korrelation mellan ålder och organisationsengagemang, arbetskrav och organisationskultur. Resultaten bekräftar tidigare forskning som visat att äldre är mer motiverade än yngre medarbetare. 

Abstract [en]

Job satisfaction in the workplace can be characterized by a good working environment, increased responsibility and that the manager and the employees strive to achieve the same goal. In modern working life, the job market changed with effectiveness and leaner organizations. A sanction is that the proportion of temporary employees has increased as a form of employment. The purpose of the study was to get an expanded knowledge of the factors that may affect the work satisfaction with the illustration of any differences in motivation between different forms of employments. The study was conducted at five facilities within bath and healthcare organisation in the south of Sweden with 114 persons, permanent and temporary employees. To measure job satisfaction developed a scale based on the QPS Nordic 34+ (General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychology and Social Factors at Work), designed to study psychological and social factors at work. From this scale was seven domains chosen: Job requirement, Control at work, Social interaction, Organizational culture, Leadership, Commitment to the organization, and Job designs, along with three questions about gender, age and working position. The results showed no significant difference in job satisfaction between forms of employment. There was however a positive significant correlation between age and organizational commitment, job requirement and organizational culture.  The results did not show any significant differences in job satisfaction between forms of employment. The results confirm previous research showing that older people are more motivated than younger employees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Forms of employment, age, gender, job satisfaction, Job requirement, control at work, social interaction, organizational culture, leadership, commitment to the organization, job designs
Keyword [sv]
Anställningsformer, ålder, kön, arbetsmotivation, arbetskrav, kontroll i arbetet, social interaktion, organisationskultur, ledarskap, engagemang i organisationen, arbetsmotiv
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-49357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-49357DiVA: diva2:898334
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psychology, work and organizational psychology, Master Programme, 120 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2016-01-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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