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Gula & Ninisina; identiska eller olika?: en jämförande textanalys av två gudinnor från Mesopotamien
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Thousands of years ago in Ancient Mesopotamia there was an abundant Pantheon of gods and goddesses. Circa 3000–2300 B.C.E, separate cults started to form relating to two of these goddesses: Ninisina and Gula. They were quite similar, both associated with healing, as were several other goddesses in the area. Over time they all fused, and their names disappeared one by one, until one remained; Gula. Scholars of today often tend to see them all as one type of goddess, their names interchangeable. This essay researches Ninisina and Gula, and the intention is to see if they truly are the “same”. A number of hymns and healing spells are analysed and used to compare the goddesses. This comparison is based on three themes; “Healing”, “Praise” and “Prayer & Intention”, and finds that indeed the manner of their healing and their characters differ. The essay also discusses how central their roles as healers are. It is shown that even though healing is always mentioned in every chosen text, other traits are often emphasised more.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
History of Religions, Assyriology, Mesopotamia, Ninisina, Gula, Healing, Goddess
Keyword [sv]
Religionshistoria, Assyriologi, Mesopotamien, Ninisina, Gula, Healing, Helande, Gudinna
National Category
History of Religions
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274975OAI: diva2:898036
Subject / course
History of Religions
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Theology and Religious Studies
Available from: 2016-01-27 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2016-01-27Bibliographically approved

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History of Religions

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