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Patienters erfarenheter efter bariatrisk kirurgi: En systematisk litteraturstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: År 2014 utfördes 6,800 bariatriska operationer i Sverige med syfte att minska individers vikt och förbättra välbefinnandet. Studien utfördes för att beskriva patienters subjektiva erfarenheter av processen efter operation och förankrades i Dorothea Orems egenvårdsteori.

 

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter efter bariatrisk kirurgi.

 

Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie som utgick från Forsberg och Wengströms (2013) metodologi.

 

Resultat: Resultatet presenterades som ett övergripande tema: En önskan om att återfå hälsa genom viktminskning, med sex tillhörande kategorier. Många av deltagarna beskrev att erfarenheter efter bariatrisk kirurgi överlag var positiva. De upplevde också att relationen till mat förändrades. Självkänslan samt sociala och fysiska förmågor förbättrades. Några upplevde svårigheter att anpassa sig efter operationen vilket påverkade deras erfarenheter negativt.

 

Slutsats: Många av dem som genomgick bariatrisk kirurgi ökade sin livskvalitet på många sätt. Utöver det kirurgiska ingreppet som förminskar magsäcken behövdes ytterligare åtgärder i form av livsstilsförändringar och egenvård. Ett ansvar som till stor del låg hos individen själv, dessutom fanns också ett ansvar hos sjukvårdspersonalen, att uppmärksamma vilken hjälp patienten kunde komma att behöva i den fortsatta hälsoprocessen och stötta dem i detta.

 

 

 

Abstract [en]

Background: In 2014, there were 6,800 bariatric surgeries performed in Sweden, in order to reduce an individual's weight and improve well-being. This study was conducted to describe the patients' subjective experiences of the process after surgery and were anchored in Dorothea Orem's self-care theory.

 

Aim: The aim was to describe patients' experiences after bariatric surgery.

 

Method: A systematic literaturereview emanated from Forsberg and Wengström’s (2013) methodology.

 

Result: The results are presented with an overarching theme: A desire to regain health through weight loss, and six associated categories. Experience after bariatric surgery was described by many of the participants generally positive. The most common experience was that the relationship with food changed. For many of the participants there was an improvement in both self-esteem and social and physical abilities. Some experienced difficulties adjusting after surgery which affected their experience negatively.

 

Conclusion: Most people who underwent bariatric surgery increased their quality of life in many ways. In addition to the surgical procedure that reduces the stomach, most of them needed additional measures in terms of lifestyle changes and self-care. A responsibility that largely lay with the individual himself, though even healthcare professionals have a responsibility in the subsequent care.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
bariatric surgery, experiences, patients
Keyword [sv]
bariatrisk kirurgi, erfarenheter, patienter
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-49249OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-49249DiVA: diva2:897248
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 hp
Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2016-01-25Bibliographically approved

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