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Riskbedömning vid visualiering
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats skrevs i syfte att undersöka den påverkan som visualisering har på riskbedömning och affekt, samt sambandet mellan affekt och riskbedömning. Fyra hypoteser testades: 1. Riskskattning vid visualisering förväntades ge högre riskskattningar än utan visualisering.  2. De som visualiserade förväntades ha mer negativ sinnesstämning än de som inte visualiserade. 3. Det förväntades finnas ett samband mellan negativ sinnesstämning och hög riskskattning. 4. Kvinnor förväntades skatta risk högre än män. Beräkningarna baseras på 347 enkäter insamlade bland studenter inom beteendevetenskapliga ämnen. Skillnaderna i riskskattning visade sig finnas i enlighet med hypotes mellan de som instruerades att visualisera och de som enbart skattade riskerna utan specifika instruktioner. Dock fanns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan visualiserings- och resoneringsinstruktioner eller mellan resoneringsinstruktioner och de utan specifika instruktioner. Ingen signifikant skillnad fanns gällande sinnesstämning. En svag korrelation fanns mellan negativ sinnesstämning och riskskattning. Riskskattningen visade sig vara högre bland kvinnorna än männen. Visualiseringsinstruktioner verkar påverka riskbedömningar i negativ riktning. Dock så fanns inte den skillnad mellan visualisering och resonerande som funnits i en tidigare studie. Angående könsskillnader vid riskbedömning ligger denna studie i linje med tidigare forskning. Det svaga sambandet mellan sinnesstämning och riskskattning pekar på att måendet och riskbedömning hänger ihop men att visualisering inte leder till ett rent användande av affektheuristik. Fler studier behövs för att förstå sambandet mellan visualisering, sinnesstämning och riskbedömning.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to examine risk judgement and affect when using mental imagery. Four hypotheses were tested; 1. Risk judgement was expected to be higher when using mental imagery than without using mental imagery. 2. Participants who used mental imagery were expected to have a more negative mood than the ones who didn’t use mental imagery. 3. A negative correlation between mood and risk judgement was expected. 4. Women were hypothesized to give higher risk ratings than men. Calculations were made using 347 surveys from students of behavioral sciences. The hypothesized difference in risk judgement when using mental imagery was found between participants instructed to use mental imagery and those without specific instructions. However no difference was found between mental imagery instructions and reasoning instructions, or between reasoning and no instructions. No significant difference was found for mood.  A weak correlation was found between negative mood and risk judgement. Women rated risks higher than men. Both risk judgement and mood seem to be influenced negatively by mental imagery. However the difference between instructions of mental imagery and reasoning that was found in an earlier study was not present here. The sex differences were consistent with earlier studies. The weak correlation between risk judgement and mood found in this study tells us that the two are connected but mental imagery doesn’t seem to lead to usage of affect heuristics. More studies are needed to understand the connection between mental imagery, mood and risk judgement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 12 p.
Keyword [sv]
Riskbedömning, risk, visualisering, mental imagery
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-114504DiVA: diva2:896450
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-21 Last updated: 2016-01-22Bibliographically approved

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