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Datorbaserad fonologisk lästräning för barn med hörselnedsättning: En undersökning av fonologisk medvetenhet och ordavkodning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of various forms of literacy training with reliable tests are lacking in Sweden today. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a cross-over design and the use of phonologically matched wordlists specifically designed to detect transfer, would yield a more thorough method and reliable results. Six children with hearing impairment using hearing aids between 7 and 9 years of age took part in the study. The schools in which the children had their education were randomized into either an intervention group that started to practice phonics by means of a computer-assisted program after the first testing, or a control group that, continued as usual in school. Children were informed to practice daily with the program during four weeks in school. Children were tested with a battery of tests for phonological awareness, letter knowledge and word decoding at three occasions separated by four weeks. Results showed that the wordlists seemed reliable in establishing children’s decoding strategies as well as how word length affected reading speed. Both children who took part in the intervention and the control group improved their scores at the second testing. Thus, the computer-assisted reading intervention did not prove to be more effective than usual school activities. Due to a small number of participants, a large heterogeneity of the group and insufficient practice time, effects were difficult to detect. The present investigation should be considered a pilot study towards the use of more careful testing methods with adapted wordlists that enables the detection of transfer. But, to accomplish this, it is crucial to use a larger number of participants.

Randomiserade kontrollerade studier som utvärderar effekten av olika former av läs- och skrivträning med tillförlitliga tester saknas i Sverige idag. Syftet med denna undersökning var att genomföra en interventionsstudie med cross-over design och använda fonologiskt matchade ordlistor specifikt utformade för att upptäcka transfer, för att ge utdelning för en mer grundlig metod och reliabla resultat. Sex barn mellan 7 och 9 års ålder som använde hörapparat deltog i studien. Skolorna som barnen gick i randomiserades till att antingen utgöra en interventionsgrupp, som började träna med ett ljudbaserat lästräningsprogram via dator efter första testningen, eller kontrollgrupp som fortsatte med vanlig skolundervisning. Barnen informerades att träna med programmet under fyra veckor dagligen i skolan. Barnen utförde ett testbatteri innehållande tester för fonologisk medvetenhet, bokstavskännedom och ordavkodning vid tre tillfällen med fyra veckors mellanrum. Resultaten visade att ordlistorna på ett reliabelt sätt kunde fastställa barns avkodningsstrategier samt hur ordlängd påverkade läshastigheten. Både interventions- och kontrollgruppen påvisade förbättring vid andra testningen. Dock kunde det inte påvisas att den datorbaserade lästräningen var mer effektiv än sedvanlig skolundervisning. Då deltagarantalet var litet, spridningen stor och träningstiden vid datorn var låg kan detta ha bidragit till att effekterna uteblev. Studien bör ses som en pilotstudie som går mot en noggrannare form av testmetod där användandet av anpassade ordlistor möjliggör upptäckt av transfer. För att åstadkomma detta är det emellertid avgörande att det ingår ett större deltagarantal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Series
Examensarbete i logopedi ; 120
Keyword [sv]
logopedi, barn med hörselnedsättning, hörapparat, fonologisk medvetenhet, ordavkodning, datorbaserat lästräningsprogram, transfer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274215OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-274215DiVA, id: diva2:896041
Subject / course
Speech and Language Pathology
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-20 Created: 2016-01-20 Last updated: 2016-01-20Bibliographically approved

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