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Skolsköterskors erfarenhet av lössutbrott i skolan: - bland barn mellan 6 och 9 år
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Skolsköterskor kommer ofta i kontakt med huvudlöss i sin yrkesroll. Hen är ofta en nyckelperson i arbetet med att bekämpa huvudlöss då skolsköterskan kommer i kontakt med både skolan, hemmen och de berörda barnen Studiens syfte var att belysa vilka faktorer i skolsköterskans arbete som är viktiga vid utbrott av löss, bland barn mellan 6 och 9 år. Metod: En kvalitativ intervjustudie genomfördes. Skolsköterskor (n=9) verksamma inom den kommunala skolhälsovården intervjuades om sina erfarenheter av att arbeta med huvudlöss i skolan. Materialet analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Skolsköterskornas erfarenhet av arbete med huvudlöss i skolan framträdde i två huvudkategorier. Preventivt arbete vid löss utbrott som beskriver skolsköterskans arbete innan det faktiska arbetet börjar med att bekämpa huvudlössen och har tre underkategorier, Ha kunskap om faktorer som främjar löss, Kännedom om förekomst av löss samt Betydelsen av att ha kunskap. Kunna ge råd och stöd vid löss utbrott beskriver skolsköterskans arbete under det faktiska huvudlöss utbrottet och har tre underkategorier Utbildning till barn, föräldrar och personal, Anpassa interaktionen med barn, föräldrar och lärare efter behov samt Användning av olika Omvårdnadsstrategier Slutsats: Arbete mot huvudlöss är en del av skolsköterskans arbete och det kan skapa en stor frustration hos de berörda barnen och dess familjer. Uppsatsen belyste att det finns områden att förbättra i arbetet med huvudlöss utbrott i skolan.

Abstract [en]

School nurses often come into contact with head lice in their professional capacity. The school nurse is often a key figure in efforts to combat head lice when the school nurse comes in contact with both persons in the school, in the home and the children concerned. The study's purpose was to illustrate which factors in the school nurse's work that are important to the outbreak of lice among children between 6 and 9 years. Methods: A qualitative study was carried out. School nurses (n = 9) active in the municipal school health were interviewed about their experiences of working with head lice at school. The material was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: School nurses' experience of working with head lice in the school appeared in two main categories. Preventive work for lice outbreaks that describes the school nurse's work before the actual work begins with combat head lice, and has three sub-categories, Have knowledge of factors that promote lice, Knowledge of the outbreak and The importance of having knowledge. To give advice and support during lice outbreaks describes the school nurse's work during the actual head lice outbreak and has three subcategories Education to children, parents and personal, adapting the interaction with the children, parents and teachers as needed and have different caring strategies. Conclusion: Work against head lice is part of the school nurse's work and it can create a big frustration for the affected children and their families. The paper highlighted that there are areas to improve the work of head lice outbreak in school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Nurse, lice, children, experience
Keyword [sv]
skolsköterska, löss, barn, erfarenhet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-39090OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-39090DiVA: diva2:895873
Subject / course
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, Graduate Diploma
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-08 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2016-02-08Bibliographically approved

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