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Finna mening trots sjukdom: Erfarenheter hos personer med mild till måttlig demenssjukdom
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I takt med att antalet personer som lever med demenssjukdom väntas öka blir behovet av kunskap inom ämnet av vikt för att möjliggöra en god och evident vård. Därför behövs mer forskning utifrån ett patientperspektiv om vad dessa individer anser vara meningsfullt i vardagen.

Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelsen av en meningsfull vardag hos personer med mild till måttlig demenssjukdom.

Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats utifrån Evans analysmetod tillämpades.

Resultat: Resultatet presenteras utifrån tre teman med två subteman vardera. I dessa framkommer att personer med demenssjukdom värderade relationer med familj och anhöriga samt en allmän gemenskap med andra. Aktiviteter var en viktig faktor för att uppleva meningsfullhet, både för att stärka individens identitet och för att hålla sig aktiv och sysselsatt. Slutligen identifierades vikten av självständighet och självbestämmande hos personer med demenssjukdom.

Slutsats: Det framkom att flera faktorer spelar stor roll för att personer med demenssjukdom ska uppleva en meningsfull vardag. Dessa är viktiga att ha i åtanke vid vård av individer ur denna patientgrupp för att möjliggöra bästa möjliga upplevelse av hälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: As the number of people with dementia are expected to increase globally, the need for knowledge relevant to the subject is important to enable good and evident care. Therefore, an increased amount of research is needed from a patient perspective of what these individuals consider to be meaningful in their everyday life.

Aim: To describe experiences of a meaningful everyday life for individuals suffering from mild to moderate dementia

Method: Systematic literature review with qualitative approach based on Evans analytical method was applied.

Results: Three main themes emerged with two subthemes each. Individuals suffering from dementia valued relationships with family and relatives, as well as a connection with people in general. Activities were seen as an important factor for experiencing meaningfulness, both to strengthen their own identity and to stay active. Finally, the importance of freedom was identified by a feeling of self-determination and independence.

Conclusion: Several factors have shown to play an important role in how individuals suffering from dementia value as meaningful in their everyday lives. These key factors are important to consider when caring for this group of patients to allow for optimal health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Dementia, meaningful everyday, patient experiences, systematic literature review
Keyword [sv]
demens, meningsfull vardag, patientens upplevelse, systematisk litteraturöversikt
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-30743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-30743DiVA: diva2:895248
Subject / course
Caring Science
Presentation
2015-12-18, R2-216, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, 09:15 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-28 Created: 2016-01-18 Last updated: 2016-01-28Bibliographically approved

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