Känseladjektiv i svenskan: kategorier och figurativa användningar
2015 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 25, 127-159 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of the study presented in this article is to investigate what adjectives in Swedish could be classified as touch adjectives, to propose a categorization of these adjectives, and to analyse how the adjectives in question are used figuratively. A hypothesis is tested according to which touch adjectives mainly are used to describe emotions and emotional experiences. The overarching goal of the study, carried out within the framework of Cognitive Semantics, is to contribute to our knowledge of the lexicalisation of sensory experiences and to our understanding of the relationship between language, senses and perception.
A touch adjective is defined as an adjective which is used to describe non-figurative tactile experiences. A dictionary and corpora (novels, newspapers and blogs) are used in order to identify the touch adjectives and to analyse their semantics.
The results show that at least 119 Swedish adjectives can be described as touch adjectives to varying degrees. According to the results, many adjectives are not sense-exclusive, but rather describe experiences of more than one sense – a phenomenon not to be confused with synaesthesia. For example, touch often interacts with sight in this way.
Furthermore, eight categories of touch adjectives are proposed: consistency, surface structure, manipulation, body-internal experience, passive sensation, temperature, humidity and movement. Figuratively, the touch adjectives are widely used to describe social, emotional and intellectual phenomena. The results thus challenge the traditional view of a certain figurative profile for each sense. Synaesthetically, the touch adjectives describe experiences of all of the other senses. However, there seem to be differences across the eight categories in this respect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 25, 127-159 p.
touch adjectives, sensory experiences, perception, Cognitive Semantics, figurative uses, sense modality hierarchy, corpora, Swedish
Research subject Scandinavian Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-272455OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-272455DiVA: diva2:895141