Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Knowledge about hepatitis B and attitudes towards hepatitis B vaccination among university students in Thailand: A quantitative study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Hepatitis B is a highly contagious infection. Basic knowledge about hepatitis B is necessary; with more knowledge people take preventive actions against hepatitis B, such as using stick proof cannulas. In Thailand an expected number of 8-20% of the population are currently carriers of the HBV infection.

 

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge about hepatitis B and the attitudes towards the vaccination among Thai university students.

 

Method: A cross-sectional study with a quantitative method was used. 280 students participated in the study, and the response rate was 93.9 %. The data was analysed using SPSS Statistics 20.

 

Result: Both genders had poor knowledge about hepatitis B, however 91.1 % of the students had heard about hepatitis B. About half of the students (55.4 %) knew correctly that hepatitis B is sexually transmitted and 40.0 % of the students knew that hepatitis B could cause liver cancer. There was no significant difference in knowledge between the genders. The attitudes towards the vaccine were satisfactory between both genders, 89.3 % of the students knew that healthy people need the vaccination and 81.1 % believed that they would receive the vaccination. However, only 43.6 % knew that the vaccination could be free or low cost through certain programs. There was a significant difference (p-value = 0.042) between the genders; the male students had a more positive attitude towards the vaccine than the female students.

 

Conclusion: The results from the Thai students showed that more information about the Hepatitis infection is needed to raise awareness among this certain group of people. Information about how it is transmitted is essential to improve the public health. It is also important to improve the individual's self-care, to encourage them to receive the vaccination. From a nursing point of view improving the knowledge about HBV and a positive attitude towards the vaccine in the prolonging contribute to improve the public health by getting a lower rate of cases with HBV.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Hepatitis B, knowledge, Thailand, vaccination, prevention, self-care, nursing
Keyword [sv]
Hepatit B, kunskap, Thailand, vaccination, förebyggande, egenvård, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-272494OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-272494DiVA: diva2:894114
External cooperation
Mahidol University
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-01-15 Created: 2016-01-14 Last updated: 2016-01-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(571 kB)693 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 571 kBChecksum SHA-512
e28455c317fdcb58cb90687c57e2171b4ecf91de6956d6bd954a366f09cf04b5de20d58c4f8cf43c592bd38fa3c99dfb116d22c83fb9fa8998782b2132532782
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 693 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 309 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf