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Evolving decision trees using oracle guides
University of Borås, School of Business and IT. (CSL@BS)
2009 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Abstract—Some data mining problems require predictive models to be not only accurate but also comprehensible. Comprehensibility enables human inspection and understanding of the model, making it possible to trace why individual predictions are made. Since most high-accuracy techniques produce opaque models, accuracy is, in practice, regularly sacrificed for comprehensibility. One frequently studied technique, often able to reduce this accuracy vs. comprehensibility tradeoff, is rule extraction, i.e., the activity where another, transparent, model is generated from the opaque. In this paper, it is argued that techniques producing transparent models, either directly from the dataset, or from an opaque model, could benefit from using an oracle guide. In the experiments, genetic programming is used to evolve decision trees, and a neural network ensemble is used as the oracle guide. More specifically, the datasets used by the genetic programming when evolving the decision trees, consist of several different combinations of the original training data and “oracle data”, i.e., training or test data instances, together with corresponding predictions from the oracle. In total, seven different ways of combining regular training data with oracle data were evaluated, and the results, obtained on 26 UCI datasets, clearly show that the use of an oracle guide improved the performance. As a matter of fact, trees evolved using training data only had the worst test set accuracy of all setups evaluated. Furthermore, statistical tests show that two setups, both using the oracle guide, produced significantly more accurate trees, compared to the setup using training data only.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2009.
Keyword [en]
oracle guides, rule extraction, genetic programming, Machine learning
Keyword [sv]
data mining
National Category
Computer and Information Science Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-6247Local ID: 2320/5718ISBN: 9781424427659OAI: diva2:886934
IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Data Mining (CIDM)
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22

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Johansson, Ulf
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