Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Abuse of Older Men in Seven European Countries: a Multilevel Approach in the Framework of an Ecological Model
INRCA Ancona, Italian Natl Inst Hlth & Sci Aging, Ctr Socioecon Res Ageing, Ancona, Italy.
INRCA Ancona, Italian Natl Inst Hlth & Sci Aging, Sci Direct, Ancona, Italy.
INRCA Ancona, Italian Natl Inst Hlth & Sci Aging, Ctr Socioecon Res Ageing, Ancona, Italy.
Univ Granada, Ctr Invest Biomed Red Salud Mental CIBERSAM, Granada, Spain.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 1, 1-28 p., e0146425Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundSeveral studies on elder abuse indicate that a large number of victims are women, but others report that men in later life are also significantly abused, especially when they show symptoms of disability and poor health, and require help for their daily activities as a result. This study focused on the prevalence of different types of abuse experienced by men and on a comparison of male victims and non-victims concerning demographic/socio-economic characteristics, lifestyle/health variables, social support and quality of life. Additionally, the study identified factors associated with different types of abuse experienced by men and characteristics associated with the victims.MethodsThe cross-sectional data concerning abuse in the past 12 months were collected by means of interviews and self-response during January-July 2009, from a sample of 4,467 not demented individuals aged between 60–84 years living in seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain and Sweden). We used a multilevel approach, within the framework of an Ecological Model, to explore the phenomenon of abuse against males as the complex result of factors from multiple levels: individual, relational, community and societal.ResultsMultivariate analyses showed that older men educated to higher levels, blue-collar workers and men living in a rented accommodation were more often victims than those educated to lower levels, low-rank white-collar workers and home owners, respectively. In addition, high scores for factors such as somatic and anxiety symptoms seemed linked with an increased probability of being abused. Conversely, factors such as increased age, worries about daily expenses (financial strain) and greater social support seemed linked with a decreased probability of being abused.ConclusionsMale elder abuse is under-recognized, under-detected and under-reported, mainly due to the vulnerability of older men and to social/cultural norms supporting traditional male characteristics of stoicism and strength. Further specific research on the topic is necessary in the light of the present findings. Such research should focus, in particular, on societal/community aspects, as well as individual and family ones, as allowed by the framework of the Ecological Model, which in turn could represent a useful method also for developing prevention strategies for elder abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 1, 1-28 p., e0146425
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26662DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146425ISI: 000368528400036ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84958205951OAI: diva2:885405
Available from: 2015-12-18 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2016-03-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(543 kB)25 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 543 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Macassa, GloriaSoares, Joaquim J. F.
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
In the same journal
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 25 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 56 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link