Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Child Marriage, Human Development and Welfare: Using Public Spending, Taxation and Conditional Cash Transfers as Policy Instruments
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The theme of this thesis is to analyze the impact of policy interventions such as financing human development (HD), tax reform and conditional cash transfer programmes, under the framework of growth and sustainable development. These policy instruments are evaluated through the application of both partial and general equilibrium models, and the last paper concentrates on developing regional social accounting matrices (SAMs) as a core database for spatial general equilibrium modelling.

Essay 1: Trade-offs in Achieving Human Development Goals for Bangladesh investigates the benefits and costs associated with alternative investment financing options for achieving HD goals by applying the MAMS (Maquette for Millennium Development Goals Studies) model. We find that full achievement of these goals would have led to a GDP loss that would have been significantly larger in the domestic borrowing scenario than in the tax scenario. The tax-financing alternative is thus the better option for financing large development programs. In terms of public spending composition, we find that, under some circumstances, a trade-off arises between overall Millennium Development Goal (MDG) progress and poverty reduction.

Essay 2: Welfare impact of broadening VAT by exempting Small-Scale food markets: The case of Bangladesh analyses the welfare impacts of different VAT reforms. A general and uniform VAT on all commodities is preferred as it is more efficient and less administratively costly. However, due to equity concerns, food is normally exempted from VAT. On the other hand, exemptions on food mean that an implicit subsidy is provided to high-income households. Hence, we analyze a broad-based VAT regime with a high threshold that excludes small-scale operators (where the low-income households buy their products most, including food) and the simulation result shows that welfare improves for the low-income households.

Essay 3: Effect of Girls’ Secondary School Stipend on Completed Schooling and Age at Marriage: Evidence from Bangladesh estimates the effect of a conditional cash transfer programme on education and age at marriage. We apply both difference in differences (DiD) and regression discontinuity methods to evaluate the impact of the policy instrument. Our estimation results show that the girls in the treatment group who were exposed to the programme had a higher average number of completed years of schooling and also delayed their first marriage compared to the girls in the control group. We also show that the DiD approach might produce a biased result as it does not consider the convergence effect.

Essay 4: Estimation of Multiregional Social Accounting Matrices using Transport Data proposes a methodology for estimating multiregional SAMs from a national SAM by applying the cross-entropy method. The methodology makes possible the construction of regional SAMs that are consistent with official regional accounts and minimize deviations from transport data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university , 2016. , 24 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 31
Keyword [en]
HDs, Growth, MAMS, VAT Reform, Equity, Welfare, Secondary Stipend, Education, Age at Marriage, Multiregional Social Accounting Matrix, Cross-Entropy Estimation
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47122ISBN: 978-91-7529-110-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47122DiVA: diva2:885180
Public defence
2016-02-19, Prismahuset, Hörsal 1, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-12-18 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Trade-offs in Achieving Human Development Goals for Bangladesh
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trade-offs in Achieving Human Development Goals for Bangladesh
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47733 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
2. Welfare impact of broadening VAT by exempting local food markets: The case of Bangladesh
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Welfare impact of broadening VAT by exempting local food markets: The case of Bangladesh
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The spread of value-added tax (VAT) in developing countries has been dramatic since the beginning of 1990’s. Adopted by more than 130 countries, including many of the poorest, VAT has been, and remains, the key of tax reform in many developing countries. While adopting VAT, there are arguments for and against uniform general VAT system. A uniform and general VAT on all commodities is considered to be efficient and less distortionary. On the other hand, from the distributional perspective many goods especially food is exempted from VAT as low income households spend a high share of income on food. The contribution of this study is to analyze the income distribution and welfare impact of VAT reform when the food sectors are divided into local markets and supermarkets. A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is used to evaluate the consequences of VAT reforms for Bangladesh. Our simulation results show that, a VAT reform that exempts the agriculture sector and local market food commodities provides the best welfare and distributional impact.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2014. 58 p.
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41645 (URN)
Presentation
2014-12-19, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-04-10 Created: 2015-01-15 Last updated: 2017-11-01Bibliographically approved
3. Effect of Girls’ Secondary School Stipend on Completed Schooling and Age at Marriage: Evidence from Bangladesh
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of Girls’ Secondary School Stipend on Completed Schooling and Age at Marriage: Evidence from Bangladesh
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47735 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
4. Estimation of Multiregional Social Accounting Matrices Using Transport Data
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimation of Multiregional Social Accounting Matrices Using Transport Data
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47736 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Spikblad(129 kB)23 downloads
File information
File name SPIKBLAD01.pdfFile size 129 kBChecksum SHA-512
ecb39db44e62525f242a2054eb177b9ea71eb58774eba4cfaf90b52ebc094d6014ccaa20f4d57c9446bc13d4dc52aa0e7468f976cba4dbb4b1359508b53dad7e
Type spikbladMimetype application/pdf
Cover(590 kB)12 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 590 kBChecksum SHA-512
5d489e0af22062a3aece24c7488c57df074a57bcc64b954d265d26b082fe3c7b5270b5363b0670b3497189343c66d7a3a357a558c7fbea8aec59ba64a839fdba
Type coverMimetype application/pdf
Introductory chapter(814 kB)136 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 814 kBChecksum SHA-512
56875fee0f389c12a31c3633f378e0008f4055d21b94d590c7079223a3cdfdb4e16159111f373bafe5221ff401e305c69b01dabe825f2b9a5574752d0b4ec5f8
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sayeed, Yeasmin
By organisation
Örebro University School of Business
Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 136 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1358 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf