2000 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
en empirisk-fenomenologisk studie bland ungdomar i två länder (Swedish)
This study is about conflict experiences of teenagers in Sweden and Poland. The
study has two purposes. The main purpose is to delimit and describe the feelings
that constitute the essence of conflict experience. The second purpose is to establish
possible differences between Swedish and Polish teenagers, concerning the essence
of conflict experience. This study is anchored theoretically and methodically in
phenomenology. The data has been collected through the "self-report" method and
analysed by means of Van Kaam's empirical phenomenological approach.
The phenomenological analyse has resulted in the delimitation of three constituents
which are essential for the conflict experience. The essence of this experience is of
anger, feelings of mental strain and feelings of unfair treatment.
Feelings of anger are both the most common and the most explicit expressed in the
data. Anger is an immediate experience in conflict situations and doesn't come
gradually. Even though anger is an immediate and not a gradual experience, it can
vary in strength and intensity during the conflict. If the anger accelerates or reduces
depends among other things on the applied management strategy and on the way
the opponent is acting in the conflict. Feelings of anger are very hard to master and
they practically always lead to some form of manifestations or a will to manifest.
The manifestations of the anger are most often directed against the conflict party.
Feelings of mental strain are characterised by a big complexity as regards their
character and consequences. Unlike anger feelings of mental strain aren't immediate
and can arise gradually. Feelings of mental strain start with small symptoms,
which becomes more disturbing as time passes on. As a result different mental and
somatic reactions can appear. The teenagers describe a vary set of such reactions,
for example eating disorder, sleeping problems and suicidal thoughts. Unlike anger
the manifestations or the will to manifest feelings of mental strain isn't very common.
Crying is the only conspicuous way to reduce inner tensions and to get an
outflow of these unpleasant feelings. The manifestations that appear are also very
seldom pointed against the other party. Here you can observe a tendency of isolation
and hiding of feelings of mental strain.
Feelings of unfair treatment arise due to treatment that the person finds not just and
undeserved. These feelings can for example be based on an incident when the person
is blamed for something he/she hasn't done, or has done in another way or for
another purpose. Misinterpretations of what was said or the intentions of statements
that are regarded as groundless or distorted can also cause these feelings. The teen34
agers regard all unfair treatment in conflicts as hurting and offending. However,
feelings of unfair treatment are more hurting in conflicts with adults than with other
teenagers. Feelings of unfair treatment don’t come gradually. They arise suddenly
similar to anger, but they are not as immediate as anger in conflict situations.
One of two purposes of the study was to explore if there were any differences between
Swedish and Polish teenagers concerning the essence of the conflict experience.
A comparative analyse has shown that the essences of the conflict experience
is the same in both national groups. There is a real experience-unity between the
Polish and the Swedish teenagers, who in their stories use almost the same terms
and expressions. Even though anger, feelings of mental strain and feelings of unfair
treatment is the essence of conflict experience in both countries, the context, consequences
and intensity of feelings may vary within national groups as well as between
the national groups. The intensity of anger, which in average is higher in the
Polish group, can serve as an example.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för pedagogik , 2000.
Rapport från Institutionen för pedagogik, ISSN 1404-0913 ; 2000:7
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-4298Local ID: 2320/2408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-4298DiVA: diva2:883680