Influence of Hypoxic Interval Training and Hyperoxic Recovery on Muscle Activation and Oxygenation in Connection with Double-Poling Exercise
2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 10, e0140616Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Here, we evaluated the influence of breathing oxygen at different partial pressures during recovery from exercise on performance at sea-level and a simulated altitude of 1800 m, as reflected in activation of different upper body muscles, and oxygenation of the m. triceps brachii. Ten well-trained, male endurance athletes (25.3 +/- 4.1 yrs; 179.2 +/- 4.5 cm; 74.2 +/- 3.4 kg) performed four test trials, each involving three 3-min sessions on a double-poling ergometer with 3-min intervals of recovery. One trial was conducted entirely under normoxic (No) and another under hypoxic conditions (Ho; FiO2 = 0.165). In the third and fourth trials, the exercise was performed in normoxia and hypoxia, respectively, with hyperoxic recovery (HOX; FiO2 = 1.00) in both cases. Arterial hemoglobin saturation was higher under the two HOX conditions than without HOX (p<0.05). Integrated muscle electrical activity was not influenced by the oxygen content (best d = 0.51). Furthermore, the only difference in tissue saturation index measured via near-infrared spectroscopy observed was between the recovery periods during the NoNo and HoHOX interventions (P<0.05, d = 0.93). In the case of HoHo the athletes' P-mean declined from the first to the third interval (P < 0.05), whereas P-mean was unaltered under the HoHOX, NoHOX and NoNo conditions. We conclude that the less pronounced decline in P-mean during 3 x 3-min double-poling sprints in normoxia and hypoxia with hyperoxic recovery is not related to changes inmuscle activity or oxygenation. Moreover, we conclude that hyperoxia (FiO2 = 1.00) used in conjunction with hypoxic or normoxic work intervals may serve as an effective aid when inhaled during the subsequent recovery intervals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 10, no 10, e0140616
Sport and Fitness Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26570DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140616ISI: 000363184600086PubMedID: 26468885ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84949058109OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-26570DiVA: diva2:883436