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Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av att använda icke-farmakologisk behandling vid procedursmärta hos barn: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Most procedures in healthcare were described to cause the child pain. Anxiety was also strongly linked to pain and painful experience can generate future consequences for the child in contact with health services. Administering medication to children was considered difficult to adapt while non-pharmacological treatment is considered to be both time- and cost efficient. Purpose: To describe nurses' use of non-pharmacological treatment of procedural pain in children and to examine the included articles research group.Method: This descriptive literature studies results was based on 15 articles sought in the databases Cinahl, PsycINFO and PubMed. Eight of the included articles were qualitative studies, four were quantitative studies and three were studies with mixed approach. Main Results: Non-pharmacological treatment of procedural pain in children was considered effective when it was formed based on each unique child and occasion. The nurses described distraction as a useful method that can be performed in several ways, ranging from the child's needs. The importance of a good relationship, a working cooperation and that the nurse had the ability to get the child's confidence was described as key elements in non-pharmacology. The research group characteristics were examined and in all articles the participants profession consists in the majority of nurses. Conclusion: Non-pharmacological treatment of procedural pain should be adjusted based on the unique child and the situation. Distraction was considered by the majority of nurses to be a positive and useful non-pharmacological treatment of procedural pain in children and can be performed by both nurses and parents to reduce the child's pain and future fears.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ett flertal procedurer inom vården beskrevs kunna orsaka barnet smärta. Oro var vidare starkt kopplat till smärta och en tidigare smärtsam upplevelse kan komma att generera framtida konsekvenser för barnet i kontakt med sjukvården. Administreringen utav läkemedel till barn ansågs vara svårt att anpassa samtidigt som icke-farmakologisk behandling anses vara både tids- och kostnadseffektiv. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors användning av icke-farmakologisk behandling vid procedursmärta hos barn, samt att granska de inkluderade artiklarnas undersökningsgrupp. Metod: Denna beskrivande litteraturstudies resultat grundades på 15 artiklar eftersökta i databaserna Cinahl, PsycINFO och PubMed. Åtta av studiens inkluderade artiklar hade kvalitativ ansats, fyra hade kvantitativ ansats och tre var studier med mixad ansats. Huvudresultat: Icke-farmakologisk behandling vid procedursmärta hos barn ansågs effektivt när den formades utifrån varje unikt barn och tillfälle. Sjuksköterskorna beskrev distraktion som en användbar metod som kan utföras på flertalet sätt, allt utifrån barnets behov. Vikten av en fungerande relation, ett fungerande samarbete och att sjuksköterskan hade förmåga att få barnets förtroende beskrevs vidare som centrala delar inom icke-farmakologin. Artiklarnas beskrivning av undersökningsgrupp granskades och deltagarnas yrkeskategori utgjordes i majoritet av sjuksköterskor i samtliga fall. Slutsats: Icke-farmakologisk behandling vid procedursmärta bör anpassas utifrån det unika barnet och situationen. Distraktion ansågs av majoriteten sjuksköterskor vara en positiv och användbar icke-farmakologisk behandling vid procedursmärta hos barn och kan utföras av både sjuksköterskor och föräldrar för att minska barnets smärta och framtida rädslor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Non-pharmacological, Procedural pain, Child, Attitude of health personnel, Nurse.
Keyword [sv]
Icke-farmakologisk behandling, Procedursmärta, Barn, Omvårdnadsåtgärder, Sjuksköterskeperspektiv.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-20817DiVA: diva2:878528
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2015-12-09Bibliographically approved

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