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"Där vi inte kan nå fram, där kan faktiskt vårdhunden": Omvårdnadspersonalens erfarenhet av vårdhund för äldre med demens
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"Where we can´t reach all the way, the dog can" : Experience of nursing staff of dog-assisted therapy for elderly people with dementia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: De allra flesta äldre personer med demens drabbas någon gång under sin sjukdomstid av beteendemässiga eller psykiska symtom vilket kan innebära ett stort lidande för personen i fråga. Studier har visat att kontakt med hundar kan minska dessa symtom. Idag utbildas vårdhundar i Sverige för att exempelvis arbeta med personer med demenssjukdom. Syfte: Syftet är att belysa omvårdnadspersonalens erfarenhet av insatser med vårdhund för äldre personer med demens. Metod: Studien hade en kvalitativ ansats. Tretton individuella och semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med omvårdnadspersonal på fyra särskilda boenden i södra Sverige. En av dessa intervjuer exkluderades och ingick inte i resultatet. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att analysera materialet. Resultat: I analysen framkom fyra kategorier, att vårdhunden skapar glädje och harmoni, framkallar en positiv stämning som varar, väcker positiva minnen och färdigheter till liv samt skapar kontakt och närhet. Slutsats: Studien indikerar att då äldre personer med demens drabbas av beteendemässiga eller psykiska symtom kan vårdhunden öka välbefinnandet genom att skapa glädje, harmoni och närhet samt genom att få personen att minnas. Mer forskning behövs för att nå en ökad kunskap om vårdhundens betydelse för äldre personer med demens.

Abstract [en]

Background: Most elderly people who lives with dementia, suffer in some point during the time of their disease from behavioural and psychological symptoms, which could mean much suffering for the person in question. Studies have shown that contact with dogs can decrease these symptoms. In Sweden today, dogs are trained to work with persons who suffers from dementia. Purpose: The purpose of the study is to illuminate nursing staff´s experience of working with dog- assisted therapy and elderly persons who suffer from dementia. Method: The study had a qualitative approach. Thirteen individual semistructured interviews with nursing staff were performed at four nursing homes in southern Sweden. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the material. Result: In the analysis four categories emerged, dog-assisted therapy creates joy and harmony, evokes a positive lasting atmosphere, bring back positive memories and skills and also creates contact and closeness. Conclusion: The study indicates that, when elderly people with dementia suffers from behavioural and psychological symptoms, dog- assisted therapy can increase their well- being, by creating joy, harmony and closeness and by making the person remember. More research is needed to reach an increased knowledge about the meaning of dog-assisted therapy for elderly people with dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Dementia, elderly, dog-assisted therapy, nursing staff
Keyword [sv]
Demens, äldre, vårdhund, omvårdnadspersonal
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15096OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15096DiVA: diva2:877128
Educational program
Graduate Programme in specialist nursing - elderly care
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-04 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved

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