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Effects of microstructure on deformation behaviour of AZ91D cast alloy
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting. (Materials and Manufacturing)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9886-9710
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0101-0062
2014 (English)In: TMS 2014 Annual Meeting Supplemental Proceedings TMS, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, San Diego, February 16-20, 2014, John Wiley & Sons, 2014, 565-572 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The deformation behavior of AZ91D cast magnesium alloy was investigated using uniaxial tensile tests from room temperature up to 190°C and strain rates from 0.0001 up to 0.1 1/s. In present work gradient solidification in a Bridgeman furnace was employed to study the effect of initial microstructure on the tensile mechanical response of the AZ91D alloy. The furnace drawing rate was varied from minimum 0.3 to maximum 6 mm/s, which yielded a variation of SDAS from 4.2 up to 25 as well as a variation of the fraction of the γ -phase (Mg17Al12),. The effects of microstructural parameters such as SDAS and γ -phase morphology on the yield strength (YS), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and hardening were investigated

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014. 565-572 p.
, TMS Annual Meeting
Keyword [en]
AZ91D, Microstructure, Mechanical properties, Temperature, Strain rate, Phase fraction
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28468ISI: 000354941300068ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84899708224ISBN: 978-1-118-88972-5OAI: diva2:876230
TMS 2014
Available from: 2015-12-02 Created: 2015-12-02 Last updated: 2015-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. As-cast AZ91D Magnesium Alloy Properties- Effect of Microstructure and Temperature
Open this publication in new window or tab >>As-cast AZ91D Magnesium Alloy Properties- Effect of Microstructure and Temperature
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Magnesium and magnesium alloys are used in a wide variety of structural applications including automotive, aerospace, hand tools and electronic industries thanks to their light weight, high specific strength, adequate corrosion resistance and good castability. Al and Zn are the primary alloying elements in commercial Mg alloys and commonly used in automotive industries. AZ91 is one of the most popular Mg alloys containing 9% Al and 1% Zn. Hence, lots of research have been done during last decades on AZ91D. However, the existing data concerning mechanical properties and microstructural features showed large scatter and is even contradictory. This work focused on the correlation between the microstructure and the mechanical properties of as-cast AZ91 alloy. An exhaustive characterization of the grain size, secondary dendrite arm spacing (SDAS) distribution, and fraction of Mg17Al12 using optical and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) was performed. These microstructural parameters were correlated to offset yield point (Rp0.2), fracture strength and elongation to fracture. It was understood that the intermetallic phase, Mg17Al12, plays an important role in determining the mechanical and physical properties of the alloy at temperature range from room temperature up to 190oC. It was realized that by increasing the Mg17Al12 content above 11% a network of intermetallic may form. During deformation this rigid network should break before any plastic deformation happen. Hence, increase in Mg17Al12 content resulted in an increase in offset yield point. The presence of this network was supported by study of thermal expansion behaviour of the alloy containing different amount of Mg17Al12. A physically-based model was adapted and validated in order to predict the flow stress behaviour of as-cast AZ91D at room temperature up to 190ºC for various microstructures. The model was based on dislocation glide and climb in a single-phase (matrix) material containing reinforcing particles. The temperature dependant variables of the model were quite well correlated to the underlying physics of the material.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Engineering, 2015
JTH Dissertation Series, 10
Magnesium alloys, As-cast, AZ91D, Mechanical properties, Microstructural scale effect, Physical modelling
National Category
Materials Engineering
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28467 (URN)978-91-87289-11-8 (ISBN)
2015-11-06, Room E1405, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-02 Last updated: 2016-01-14Bibliographically approved

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