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Upplevelser av att bemöta patienter med psykisk ohälsa: ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv inom vården
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of encountering mental health illness in health care : A nurses perspective within the health care system (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa är vanligt förekommande hos Sveriges befolkning och räknas till en av folksjukdomarna. Personer med psykisk ohälsa kan drabbas av psykiska eller fysiska besvär och söker sig då till vården där patienterna kommer att möta sjuksköterskor. Syfte: Belysa sjuksköterskornas upplevelser av att bemöta patienter med psykisk ohälsa i vården. Metod: Litteraturöversikt som bygger på åtta kvalitativa artiklar. Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier och två subkategorier skapades. Första huvudkategorin var kunskapens betydelse i vårdandet av patienter med psykisk ohälsa med subkategorierna positiva upplevelser av kunskapens betydelse och negativa upplevelser av kunskapens betydelse. Andra huvudkategorin var upplevda yrkesroll i mötet av patienter med psykisk ohälsa. Tredje huvudkategorin var upplevda känslor i mötet av patienter med psykisk ohälsa med subkategorierna positiva upplevelser och negativa upplevelser. Diskussion: Fynd i huvudkategorierna som diskuterades var sjuksköterskornas bristande kunskap och kompetens leder till att patienter med psykisk ohälsa inte erbjuds den vård de har rätt till. Okunskapen kan leda till rädsla för det okända och en känsla av att psykiatrin inte är en del av allmänsjuksköterskornas ansvar.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental health illness is common within the Swedish population and is considered an endemic disease. People with mental health illness can suffer from psychological or physical issues and will turn to the health care system, where they will meet nurses. Aim: Shed light on nurses’ experiences of encountering patients with mental health illness in health care facilities. Method: A literature review based on eight qualitative studies. Result: Three main categories and two subcategories were created. The first main category was the importance of education in the encounter with patients with mental health illness with positive experiences in regards to the importance of education and negative experiences in regards to the importance of education as subcategories. The second main category was perceived professional role in the encounter with patients with mental health illness. The third main category was perceived feelings in the encounter with patients with mental illness. The subcategories were positive experiences and negative experiences. Discussion: Findings in the main categories were discussed, where the nurses' lack of knowledge and skills are evident. This means that patients with mental health illness are not cared for in a way they should. The lack of knowledge can lead to fear of the unknown as well as feeling like psychiatry isn't a part of the general nurses’ responsibility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Nurses’ experience, lived experience, encounter, mental health illness, health
Keyword [sv]
Bemöta, upplevelse, psykisk ohälsa, sjuksköterska, vården
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-15069OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-15069DiVA: diva2:875247
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-01 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved

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