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Speech Comprehension: Theoretical approaches and neural correlates
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This review has examined the spatial and temporal neural activation of speech comprehension. Six theories on speech comprehension were selected and reviewed. The most fundamental structures for speech comprehension are the superior temporal gyrus, the fusiform gyrus, the temporal pole, the temporoparietal junction, and the inferior frontal gyrus. Considering temporal aspects of processes, the N400 ERP effect indicates semantic violations, and the P600 indicates re-evaluation of a word due to ambiguity or syntax error. The dual-route processing model provides the most accurate account of neural correlates and streams of activation necessary for speech comprehension, while also being compatible with both the reviewed studies and the reviewed theories. The integrated theory of language production and comprehension provides a contemporary theory of speech production and comprehension with roots in computational neuroscience, which in conjunction with the dual-route processing model could drive the fields of language and neuroscience even further forward.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 56 p.
Keyword [en]
Language, speech comprehension, dual-route processing model, trace model, superior temporal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, N400, P600
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-11240OAI: diva2:874929
Subject / course
Cognitive Neuroscience
Educational program
Consciousness Studies - Philosophy and Neuropsychology
Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-06-26 Last updated: 2015-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Speech Comprehension: Theoretical approaches and neural correlates Magnus Roos(2111 kB)99 downloads
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