Latvia’s Pērkonkrusts: Anti-German National Socialism in a Fascistogenic Milieu
2015 (English)In: Fascism: Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies, ISSN 2211-6249, Vol. 4, no 2, 169-193 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aside from equating it with Hitlerism, there have been few scholarly attempts to define national socialism and specify its relation to the broader category of fascism. This article posits that national socialisms are a sub-genus of fascism, where the distinguishing feature is an ultaranationalism based on a palingenetic völkisch racism, of which anti-Semitism is an essential element. Thus, national socialism is not just mimetic Hitlerism, as Hitler is not even necessary. National socialist movements may even conceivably be opposed to the goals and actions of Hitlerism. To test this definition, the case of Latvia’s Pērkonkrusts [Thunder Cross] movement is analysed. Based on an analysis of its ideology, Pērkonkrusts is a national socialist movement with a völkisch racialist worldview, while also being essentially anti-German. The case study even addresses the apparent paradox that Pērkonkrusts both collaborated in the Holocaust, and engaged in resistance against the German occupation regime.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015. Vol. 4, no 2, 169-193 p.
fascism, national socialism, völkisch ideology, anti-Semitism, Latvia, Holocaust, collaboration, resistance
Pērkonkrusts, Gustavs Celmiņš
History Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies) History of Ideas
Research subject History; Political Science; History of Sciences and Ideas
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267836DOI: 10.1163/22116257-00402007ISI: 000368035600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-267836DiVA: diva2:874538