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Yrkesutförandet och ambulanspersonalens fysiska hälsa: En beskrivande litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund; Inom ambulansyrket utsätts personalen dagligen för tunga lyft, ofta i icke ergonomiska arbetsställningar samt i många fall under tidspress. Dessutom arbetar ambulanspersonal i regel skift och ibland hela dygn vilket medför en rubbad dygnsrytm. Syfte; Att beskriva hur yrkesutförandet påverkar den fysiska hälsan hos ambulanspersonalen, samt att beskriva vilken urvalsmetod som använts i valda artiklar. Metod; Litteraturstudien har en deskriptiv design och består av tolv vetenskapliga artiklar hämtade från databaserna Cinahl och Scopus. I tio av artiklarna har en kvantitativ ansats använts och de andra två består av en mixad ansats. Artiklarna har granskats utifrån likheter. I den metodologiska aspekten urvalsmetod har skillnader och likheter granskats. Resultat; Resultatet visade att ambulanspersonal i högre utsträckning än normgrupper lider av muskuloskeletala besvär. Vilket kan relateras till hög fysisk belastning samt icke ergonomiska arbetsställningar. Ambulanspersonal upplever dessutom högt stresspåslag i arbetet. Resultatet visar även att de oregelbundna arbetstiderna påverkar ambulanspersonalens sömnkvalitét samt kost och motionsvanor negativt. De urvalsmetoder som använts i artiklarna är; slumpmässigt urval, stratifierat sannolikhetsurval, totalurval samt bekvämlighetsurval. Slutsats; Såväl muskelsmärta, störd dygnsrytm, sömnbrist, samt ökat stresspåslag hos ambulanspersonal kan relateras till yrkesutförandet. Oregelbundenheten i arbetet försämrar möjligheten att äta hälsosamt och träna regelbundet. Ambulanspersonal skulle gynnas av bättre träningsmöjligheter på arbetet, längre återhämtningstid och bättre möjligheter till regelbundna måltider.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background; Ambulance personnel are in their work exposed for heavy lifting, often in non-ergonomic postures, and in many cases under time pressure. Ambulance personnel also work in shifts and sometimes 24-hours, resulting in a circadian rhythm. Aim; Describe how professional performence affects the physical healt of ambulance personnel and to describe wich sampling method, used in included articles. Method; The literature study has a descriptive design and consists of 12 scientific articles, selected from Cinahl and Scopus databases. In 10 of the articles there is a quantitative approach and 2 of them has a mixed approach. The articles were audited on the basis of similarities. In the methodologocal aspect; sampling method, diffrences and similarities has been audited. Results; The result showed that ambulance personnel in greater occurence than norm groups, suffer from muscle pain. Which can be related to high physical exposure and non-ergonomic postures. Ambulance personnel also experiencing high level of stress in their work. The result also showed that irregular working hours affect the ambulance personnel´s quality of sleep aswell as diet and exercise habits negatively. The sampling method used are; Randomized sampling, stratified probability sampling, total sampling and convenience sampling. Conclusion; Musclepain aswell as disruption of circadian cycles, lack of sleep and increased level of stress in the ambulance personnel can be related to professional performence. The irregularity in the work impair possibilities to eat healthy and exercise regularly. Ambulance personnel would benefit from better exercise opportunities at work, longer recovery and better possibilities to regular meals. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Ambulance, Paramedic, Health
Keyword [sv]
Ambulans, Ambulanspersonal, Hälsa
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-20678DiVA: diva2:874530
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-12-01 Created: 2015-11-27 Last updated: 2015-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Yrkesutförandet och ambulanspersonalens fysiska hälsa(287 kB)373 downloads
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