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Dependent or Productive?: A New Approach to Understanding the Social Positioning of Older South Africans Through Living Arrangements
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt), Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Migration, Urbanisation and Health Working Group, INDEPTH Network, Ghana.
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2015 (English)In: Research on Aging, ISSN 0164-0275, E-ISSN 1552-7573, Vol. 37, no 6, 581-605 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

South Africa’s population is aging. Most of the older Black South Africans continue to live in extended household structures with children, grandchildren, and other kin. They also constitute a source of income through a means-tested noncontributory state-funded pension available at age 60. Using census data from the Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance System in 2000, 2005, and 2010, we develop a typology of living arrangements that is reflective of the social positioning of elderly persons as dependent or productive household members and analyze changes in the distribution over time. Older persons, in general, live in large, complex, and multigenerational households. Multigenerational households with “productive” older persons are increasing in proportion over the period, although there are few differences by gender or pension eligibility at any time point.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 37, no 6, 581-605 p.
Keyword [en]
Africa, South Africa, aging, living arrangements, social grants, gender
National Category
Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences Geriatrics
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107067DOI: 10.1177/0164027514545976ISI: 000357698200002PubMedID: 25651584OAI: diva2:874246
Available from: 2015-11-26 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2016-05-16Bibliographically approved

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