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An Organizational Perspective on the Business Value of BIM
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management.
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry is often characterized by low productivity, poor quality, slow IT adoption and a low rate of innovation. Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been addressed as an IT based potential solution to many of the industry´s problem and BIM has received much attention in both industry and academia. However, most research has focused on the technical and normative perspectives of BIM, leaving the organizational perspective overlooked. 

 

Lately, the term “business value of BIM” has emerged in the industry. However, the term has not been clearly defined or explained neither in industry nor in research. Yet, it is a term that has been referred to by many industry and governmental agencies, as well as by researchers. Overall, there is a lack of research that explores how the business value of BIM implementation is perceived among BIM users and that explores what organizational challenges that can arise when implementing BIM for business value. The purpose of this licentiate thesis has been to study BIM implementation in the AEC industry by elaborating on the still rather vague concept of business value of BIM and by exploring the organisational challenges of implementing BIM for business value creation; applying an organizational perspective on BIM implementation. Thus, this licentiate thesis has addressed the gap in research on the lack of the organizational perspective of BIM.

 

The respondents manly perceived the business value of BIM in negative terms, such as for example extra costs. The positive perceptions about the business value of BIM were future desired positive effects not yet realized due to the many intra and inter- organizational challenges of implementing BIM, for example, challenges in changing work processes and work routines, demanding BIM in procurement and providing incentives tied to BIM. In particular, the organizational challenges related to implementing BIM for business value creation was creating and managing organisational change.

 

This licentiate thesis has emphasized how the perceived business value of BIM implementation in the AEC industry not only is characterized by often negative effects, but that it also is capsized by many organizational challenges that are perceived as hinders towards the potential positive effects. This licentiate has argued for the need for more studies on the organizational perspective of BIM, and in particular, on the organizational challenges of implementing BIM for business value, and thus provided a foundation for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , xii, 54 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB, 2015:9
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177679ISBN: 978-91-85783-56-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-177679DiVA: diva2:874083
Presentation
2015-12-11, Sal L. 43, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, KTH, Stockholm, 15:58 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20151127

Available from: 2015-11-27 Created: 2015-11-25 Last updated: 2015-11-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The perceived business value of BIM
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The perceived business value of BIM
2014 (English)In: eWork and eBusiness in Architecture, Engineering and Construction - Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling, ECPPM 2014, CRC Press, 2014, 21-25 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The economic effects of BIM are increasingly gaining interest. Understanding how to create business value from BIM is becoming of strategic concern for BIM users. The business effects of BIM have been examined in research, yet little is known about the actual economic consequences of BIM. Previous research has focused on BIM from a practical approach where efforts have been made towards measuring the performance of BIM. The purpose of this paper is to explore how actors in the Swedish construction industry perceive the business effects of BIM, but also what organizational prerequisites need to be in place for value creation in BIM. The findings indicate that the industry mainly perceives desired effects of BIM for the future and that few measure the economic effects of BIM. Most importantly, there is a need to understand the organisational prerequisites for value creation through BIM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press, 2014
Keyword
Construction industry, Process engineering, Business value, Economic consequences, Organisational, Swedishs, Value creation, Economic and social effects
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167379 (URN)000380490000004 ()2-s2.0-84907378175 (Scopus ID)9781138027107 (ISBN)
Conference
10th European Conference on Product and Process Modelling, ECPPM 2014, 17 September 2014 through 19 September 2014, Vienna
Note

QC 20150529

Available from: 2015-05-29 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2017-09-25Bibliographically approved
2. A proposed BIM business value model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A proposed BIM business value model
2014 (English)In: Proceedings 30th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2014, 2014, 633-642 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The business value of IT investments has long engaged researchers in fields of information systems (IS) and information technology (IT). Only in recent years has the business value of IT investments received attention in a construction industry context. Particularly, research on the business value of Building Information Modeling (BIM) has emerged in research during the last decade. However, much of the studies do not account for how organizational and business factors influence the value creation process. The research also tends to emphasize what the economic effects of BIM are rather than exploring how these values are created and under what organizational conditions. Hence, the aim is to explore how business value of BIM can be developed in an organizational and business process context. Building on models of IT business value creation from the IT/IS research field, together with findings from interviews on the perceived economic outcomes of BIM, a tentative BIM Business Value Model is proposed that accounts for organizational and business process factors. The model is then used to analyse and suggest what organizational and business related activities that need further attention from research in order to enable BIM business value creation. The findings indicate that among these activities are managing stakeholder requirements, incentives for BIM use, joint inter-organizational activities with partners and delivery of key information to operations and maintenance. A prerequisite for value creation with BIM is however to be able to manage organizational change if BIM is to have a potential impact on performance.

Keyword
Construction industry, Information management, Information systems
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168534 (URN)2-s2.0-84911375216 (Scopus ID)978-095523908-3 (ISBN)
Conference
30th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2014; Portsmouth; United Kingdom
Note

QC 20150608

Available from: 2015-06-08 Created: 2015-06-04 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved
3. An organizational perspective on implementing BIM for business value: a case study of a large public client
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An organizational perspective on implementing BIM for business value: a case study of a large public client
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been claimed to improve the construction industry’s productivity, lower the impact on the environment and support innovation. Most BIM research has focused on the technical aspects of BIM and on identifying the effects of using BIM, leaving the organizational perspective mostly neglected. In information systems (IS) research, the organisational perspective has received much attention and the IT business value model has been used to describe what organisational conditions are necessary for business value creation through IT. The IT business value model is applied as a framework when analysing a qualitative case study of a large Swedish public infrastructure clients´ implementation of BIM. The purpose is to explore what organisational challenges are related to implementing BIM for business value creation. The findings show there are both intra – and inter organisational challenges related to implementing BIM for business value, such as challenges in changing work processes, demanding BIM in procurement, providing incentives to BIM, providing new role descriptions and developing common industry-wide standards. The findings offer new insights into what organizational challenges there are related to implementing BIM for business value and develop the theories in construction management and BIM research on value creation through BIM

Keyword
Building information modelling, business model, organizational change, construction management
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177678 (URN)
Note

QS2015

Available from: 2015-11-25 Created: 2015-11-25 Last updated: 2015-12-11Bibliographically approved

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