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Magnet Losses in Inverter-fed High-speed PM Machines
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electrical Energy Conversion.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Förluster i magneter av högvarviga PM maskiner med växelriktare (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

This master thesis deals with the estimation of magnet losses in a Permanent Magnet(PM) motor inserted in a nut-runner. This type of machine has interesting featuressuch as being slot-less and running at a very high speed (30000 rpm). An extensiveliterature review was performed in order to investigate the state of the art in estimationof the losses in magnets of a PM machine. Analytical models to calculate the no-loadback-emf and the magnetic ux density in the air-gap due to the currents in the statorare presented rst. Furthermore, several of the analytical models for calculating lossesin magnets described in the literature were tested and adapted to the case of a slotlessmachine with a parallel-magnetized ring. Then, a numerical estimation of thelosses with nite element method (FEM) 2D was carried out. In addition, a detailedinvestigation of the eect of simulation settings (e.g., mesh size, time-step, remanentmagnetic ux density in the magnet, superposition of the losses, etc.) was performed.Finally, calculation of losses with 3D FEM are also included in order to compare thecalculated losses with both analytical and FEM 2D results. The estimation of thelosses includes the variation of these with frequency for a range of frequencies between10 and 100 kHz.

Abstract [sv]

Detta examensarbete handlar om uppskattningen av magnetforluster i en permanentmagnetmotor (PM) inford i en mutterdragare. Denna typ av maskin har intressantafunktioner, som att den ar slot-less och att den kors i en hog hastighet (30000rpm). En omfattande litteraturstudie utfordes for att kunna uppskatta forluster imagneterna pa basta satt. Forst presenteras analytiska modeller for att berakna denelektromotoriska kraften (EMK) och den magnetiska odestatheten i luftgapet somuppkommer pa grund av strommarna i statorn. Dessutom har era av de analytiskamodellerna for berakning av forlusterna som beskrivits i litteraturen testats och anpassatstill en slot-less maskin med en parallelmagnetiserad ring. En numerisk uppskattningav forlusterna har sedan utforts med hjalp av nita elementmetoden (FEM) 2D.Dartill har en detaljerad undersokning genomforts hur olika parameterinstallningarpaverka utfallet. De FEM parametrar som har undersokts har bland annat bestattav berakningsnatets storlek, tidssteg, remanens odestatheten i magneten och om superpositionav forlusterna galler. Till sist har berakningar for forluster med 3D FEMutforts och jamforts med resultaten for bade de analytiska och FEM 2D resultaten.Uppskattning av forluster innefattar variationen av dessa med ett frekvensomrade mellan10 och 100 kHz.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 84 p.
Series
EES Examensarbete / Master Thesis, TRITA-EE 2015:103
Keyword [en]
Eddy currents, FEM 2D, FEM 3D, magnet losses, nut-runner, PM motor, slot-less winding
Keyword [sv]
Virvelstrommar, FEM 2D, FEM 3D, forluster i magneter, mutterdragare, permanentmagnetiserad motor, luftlindad lindning
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-177641DiVA: diva2:873854
Examiners
Available from: 2015-11-25 Created: 2015-11-25 Last updated: 2015-11-25Bibliographically approved

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