Palynostratigraphy of dinosaur footprint-bearing deposits from theTriassic–Jurassic boundary interval of Sweden
2013 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 135, 120-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Triassic–Jurassic boundary (c. 200 Ma) marks one of the ﬁve largest Phanerozoic mass extinction events and is characterized by a major turnover in biotas. A palynological study of sedimentary rock slabs bearing dinosaur footprints from Rhaeto–Hettangian strata of Skåne, Sweden was carried out. The theropod dinosaur footprints (Kayentapus soltykovensis) derive from the southern part of the abandoned Vallåkra quarry (Höganäs Formation) and were originally dated as earliest Jurassic (Hettangian) based on lithostratigraphy. Our results reveal that two of the footprints are correlative with the latest Triassic (latest Rhaetian) disaster zone typiﬁed by a high abundance of the enigmatic gymnosperm pollen Ricciisporites tuberculatus and Perinopollenites elatoides together with the key taxon Limbosporites lundbladii and fern spores. Two footprints are dated to correlate with the Transitional Spore-spike Interval. One footprint is interpreted as Hettangian in age based on the relatively high abundance of Pinuspollenites spp. together with the presence of the key taxa Retitriletes semimuris and Zebrasporites intercriptus. Our new palynological study suggests that the Kayentapus ichnogenus already appeared in the end of Triassic, and our study highlights the use of palynology as a powerful tool to date historical collections of fossils in museums, universities and elsewhere. The Hettangian footprint reﬂects a marine inﬂuence while all other studied ichnofossil specimens occur in non-marine (ﬂoodplain and delta interdistributary) sediments. The sediments associated with the Hettangian footprint include a signiﬁcant proportion of charcoal transported from land after wildﬁres. The Rhaeto–Hettangian vegetation was otherwise characterized by multi-storey gymnosperm–pteridophyte communities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 135, 120-130 p.
Dinosaurs, Vallåkra, footprints, trackways, vegetation, mass extinction, Jurassic
Dinosaurier, Vallåkra, fotspår, vegetation, massutdöende, Jura
Research subject Ecosystems and species history
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-1419DOI: 10.1080/11035897.2013.799223OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-1419DiVA: diva2:873005