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Skolsköterskans uppfattning om användandet av receptfria smärtstillande läkemedel bland skolelever i Uppsala kommun
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Receptfria smärtstillande läkemedel (rslm) är lättåtkomliga läkemedel som unga individer kan självmedicinera med. Psykisk ohälsa bland unga ökar, vilket skulle kunna påverka användandet. Skolsköterskor har ofta god insyn i skolelevers livssituation och kan ha en god uppfattning om hur skolelever använder rslm. Syfte: Att undersöka skolsköterskans uppfattning om användandet av rslm bland skolelever i Uppsala kommun samt jämföra uppfattningar mellan skolsköterskor i grundskola och på gymnasiet. Metod: En deskriptiv och komparativ tvärsnittsstudie med kvantitativ ansats. Urvalsgruppen var 62 skolsköterskor i Uppsala kommun. En webbenkät användes för datainsamling och data analyserades i huvudsak med deskriptiv statistik. Resultat: Majoriteten av skolsköterskorna visste inte om eleverna använder rslm på rätt indikation, i rätt dos eller om en ökning skett de senaste tio åren. Majoriteten (59 %) uppfattade att det ofta är samma elever som efterfrågar rslm. Det fanns signifikant skillnad i några uppfattningar mellan skolsköterskorna på grundskolan och gymnasiet men antalet deltagare var lågt, vilket gör resultatet av jämförelse osäkert. Huvudvärk uppfattades som den vanligaste orsaken till efterfrågan av rslm (86,8 %). De vanligaste orsakerna till huvudvärk hos elever uppfattades vara missad måltid (64,9 %) och dålig sömn (64,9 %). De vanligaste orsakerna till generellt magont hos elever uppfattades vara missad måltid (45,9 %) och till nackvärk uppfattades vara användande av mobil, dator och surfplatta (52,9 %). Slutsats: Många skolsköterskor hade ingen uppfattning om elevers användande av rslm. Elever har smärttillstånd som kan bottna i flera orsaker. Fler studier inom det här ämnet behövs för att kunna identifiera hur användandet av rslm ser ut bland unga.

Abstract [en]

Background: Over-the-counter analgetics are easily accessible and something that young individuals can use for self-medication. Mental health problems increase among young individuals which can affect their use. School-nurses often have a good insight into the lives of school-children, and can therefore identify how school-children use over-the-counter analgetics. Aim: To examine school-nurses perceptions about the use of over-the-counter analgetics among school-children in the community of Uppsala and compare perceptions between school-nurses in elementary schools - and in the high schools. Method: A descriptive and comparative cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. The sample was 62 school-nurses in the community of Uppsala. Data was collected by an internet-based survey and was mainly analyzed with descriptive statistics. Results: The majority of the school-nurses don’t know if over-the-counter analgetics are used properly, as prescribed, with the correct doses, or if the use has increased over ten years. The majority perceive that it's often the same school-children that request over-the-counter analgetics. There was a significant difference in some perceptions, but due to the low participation, the value of significant data can be vague. Headaches was the most common causes to request over-the-counter analgetics (86,8 %). The perceptions of the most common causes of headaches among school-children were skipping meals (64,9 %), and sleeping problems (64,9 %). The most common causes of general stomach-aches were skipping meals (45,9 %), the most common causes of neck pain were the use of cellphones, computers and tablet devices (52,9 %). The majority of the school-nurses don’t know if over-the-counter analgetics are used properly, as prescribed, with the correct doses, or if the use has increased over ten years. The majority perceive that it's often the same school-children that request over-the-counter analgetics. There was a significant difference in some perceptions, but due to the low participation, the value of significant data can be vague. Conclusion: Many school-nurses are interrogative to questions about school-children’s use of over-the-counter analgetics. School-children have pain conditions for several causes. More studies about this subject are needed to be able to identify the use among school-children. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
analgesic, health, perception, school-children, school-nurse
Keyword [sv]
hälsa, skolelev, skolsköterska, smärtstillande läkemedel, uppfattning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266959OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-266959DiVA: diva2:871466
Subject / course
Caring Sciences; Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot distriktssköterska; Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot distriktssköterska
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-11-20 Created: 2015-11-15 Last updated: 2015-11-20Bibliographically approved

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