Early Jurassic (late Pliensbachian) CO2 concentrations based on stomatalanalysis of fossil conifer leaves from eastern Australia
2015 (English)In: Gondwana Research, ISSN 1342-937X, E-ISSN 1878-0571, Vol. 27, 932-939 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The stomatal index (a measure of stomatal density) of an extinct Australian Early Jurassic araucariacean conifer species, Allocladus helgei Jansson, is used to reconstruct the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration (pCO2) in the Early Jurassic. The fossil leaves are preserved in a single bed, palynologically dated to late Pliensbachian (~185–183 Mya). Atmospheric pCO2 is estimated from the ratios between the stomatal index of A. helgei and the stomatal indices of three modern analogs (nearest living equivalent plants). CO2 concentration in the range of ~750–975 ppm was calibrated from the fossil material, with a best-estimated mean of ~900 ppm. The new average pCO2 determined for the late Pliensbachian is thus similar to, although ~10% lower, than previously inferred minimum concentrations of ~1000, based on data from the Northern Hemisphere, but may help constrain pCO2 during this period. Our results are the first pCO2 estimates produced using Jurassic leaves from the Southern Hemisphere and showthat i) paleo-atmospheric pCO2 estimates are consistent at a global scale, though more investigations of Southern Hemisphere material are required, and ii) the stomatal proxy method can now be used without the context of relative change in pCO2 when applying the correct methodology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 27, 932-939 p.
Stomatal proxy method, Paleo-CO2 concentrations, Early Jurassic CO2, Araucariaceae, Southern Hemisphere conifers
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject The changing Earth
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-1405DOI: 10.1016/j.gr.2013.08.021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-1405DiVA: diva2:871430
FunderSwedish Research Council, LUCCI grantSwedish Research Council, 623-2011-1048