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Roller och kemiska processer i förskolan: En studie om förskollärares uppfattningar om roller vid aktiviteter inom kemi i förskolan
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Roles and chemical processes in preschool : A study of preschool teacher´s perception of roles within activities in the subject chemistry (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine preschool teachers’ thoughts on roles within activities in the subject chemistry. The main focus has been their perceptions of their own and the children´s roles when planning and executing activities within the subject chemistry.

 

The method used to execute the study was semi-structured interviews, and all respondents have been certified preschool teachers. When analyzing the material I have used a constructivist perspective.

 

The study shows that there were several roles that the preschool teachers strived for. The different roles did not occur exclusively in one person, but seemed to be something the preschool teachers alternated between. The different roles show different levels of control in the activities from the preschool teachers. The majority of the preschool teachers aimed to be a co-researcher who inspires the children, although some control in the activities seemed to be necessary according to a majority of respondents.

 

Several different factors which had an effect on the conditions for the children’s roles and the preschool teacher´s possibilities to act as a co- researcher emerged in this study. Those were factors like what questions were asked around the activities, the material being used, teaching documentation, child perspective, ICT which was used to explore with the children and whether one would proceed with the children´s interests as a starting point when planning an activity. The age of the children and the children´s personal differences were also pointed out as important factors.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med min studie har varit att undersöka förskollärares tankar kring rollfördelning vid aktiviteter inom kemi i förskolan. Mitt fokus har varit hur förskollärare ser på barnens samt sin egen roll vid planerande och utförande av aktiviteter inom kemi.

 

Semistrukturerade intervjuer har använts som datainsamlingsmetod och samtliga respondenter har varit förskollärare. Jag har använt mig av ett konstruktivistiskt perspektiv när jag analyserat mitt material.

 

I studien framkom att fanns flera roller som de intervjuade förskollärarna strävar efter och att de olika rollerna inte verkade exklusivt hos en person, istället verkar rollerna vara något förskollärarna alternerade emellan. De olika rollerna visar på olika stark styrning i aktiviteterna ifrån förskolläraren men att vara en medforskare som inspirerar barnen var den roll majoriteten förskollärare strävade efter samtidigt som man såg en viss styrning i aktiviteterna som nödvändig.

 

Flera olika faktorer som påverkade förutsättningarna för barnens roll och förskollärarens möjlighet att verka som en medforskande pedagog framkommer i studien. Faktorer som de frågor som ställdes runt aktiviteten, det material som användes, pedagogisk dokumentation, barnsyn, IKT som användes för att utforska tillsammans med barnen, huruvida man utgick från barnens intresse vid planering vid aktiviteter. Barns ålder och barns olikheter lyftes också fram som betydande faktorer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, chemistry, co-researcher, preschool, preschool teachers, roles
Keyword [sv]
Barn, förskola, förskollärare, kemi, medforskare, roller
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-38393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-38393DiVA: diva2:871390
Subject / course
Pedagogy
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2015-11-13Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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