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Possible Demonstration of a Polaronic Bose-Einstein(-Mott) Condensate in UO2(+x) by Ultrafast THz Spectroscopy and Microwave Dissipation
Synchrotron Soleil, Orme Merisiers St Aubin, F-91192 Gif Sur Yvette, France..
Los Alamos Natl Lab, Los Alamos, NM 87545 USA..
Univ Rochester, Dept Chem, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
Univ Rochester, Dept Chem, Rochester, NY 14627 USA..
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2015 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 5, 15278Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) composed of polarons would be an advance because they would combine coherently charge, spin, and a crystal lattice. Following our earlier report of unique structural and spectroscopic properties, we now identify potentially definitive evidence for polaronic BECs in photo-and chemically doped UO2(+x) on the basis of exceptional coherence in the ultrafast time dependent terahertz absorption and microwave spectroscopy results that show collective behavior including dissipation patterns whose precedents are condensate vortex and defect disorder and condensate excitations. That some of these signatures of coherence in an atom-based system extend to ambient temperature suggests a novel mechanism that could be a synchronized, dynamical, disproportionation excitation, possibly via the solid state analog of a Feshbach resonance that promotes the coherence. Such a mechanism would demonstrate that the use of ultra-low temperatures to establish the BEC energy distribution is a convenience rather than a necessity, with the actual requirement for the particles being in the same state that is not necessarily the ground state attainable by other means. A macroscopic quantum object created by chemical doping that can persist to ambient temperature and resides in a bulk solid would be revolutionary in a number of scientific and technological fields.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, 15278
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266697DOI: 10.1038/srep15278ISI: 000362884000001PubMedID: 26472071OAI: diva2:868891
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 281943
Available from: 2015-11-12 Created: 2015-11-10 Last updated: 2015-11-12Bibliographically approved

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