Varför diaspora ingår i FN:s nya globala utvecklingsmål: En studie om vad diaspora som utvecklingsaktör kan innebära inom utvecklingsarbete
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This paper has concluded that the Diaspora contribute to the development of social, economic and political fields, which also means a high level of poverty reduction. This has been largely possible not least because of developments in computing and telecommunications, but also through the Diaspora's grassroots involvement. By being the only player who can get access to specific locations, and through their local knowledge the Diaspora can easily be seen as legitimate actors and therefore also play a unique role in peace processes. They are also not tied to bureaucratic structures on which they can act with direct effect. For example, they can assist quickly to different kinds of crisis situations, such as environmental disasters. Many governments and organizations are interested in cooperating with the Diaspora, but they also see many challenges with it. Further on, Diaspora can feel that their voices are not always heard. The essay has also reached a conclusion that a balance between the UN's two main conventions International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights increasingly may arise. This is thanks to the co-operations between liberal organizations and the Diaspora whose efforts may be in the private markets to create jobs and development, and their contributions in construction of social infrastructure. Other impacts on the organizational level may be towards more complex models of organization and partnerships, where not least the private sector may be included to a greater extent, which also demonstrates the enhanced globalization trends, where the private market is seen to be the answer to the solution of poverty. As regards to States and the role of various actors in these somewhat newer landscapes, they can also be a result from the processes of globalization and shifts in power from the state to the different levels at which non-state actors gets a stronger role. These processes may also have contributed to greater regionalization; forces which this paper found over time may be a competitor to a weak UN (and the EU) and therefore attract the Diaspora who also may find themselves to be better received there.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 83 p.
Diaspora, Development, Peace building, Millennium Development Goals, Sustainable Development Goals, Human Rights Based Approach, NGO, Remittances, Poverty, Migration, International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-265950DiVA: diva2:866926
Subject / course
Master Programme in Human Rights
Andersson, Helen, Docent
Namli, Elena, Professor