Investigation of asphalt compaction in vision of improving asphalt pavements
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Asphalt joints are potentially weakest parts of every pavement. Despite of their importance, reliable tools for measuring their mechanical properties for design and performance assessments are still scarce. This is particularly true for cold joints when attaching a new hot pavement to a cold existing one as in case of large patches for pavement repair. In this study, three static fracture testing methods, i.e. indirect tensile test (IDT), direct tension test (DTT) and 4 point bending (4PB), were adapted and used for evaluating different laboratory made joints. The results suggested that joints with inclined interfaces and also the ones with combined interface treatments (preheated and sealed) seemed to show more promising behaviors than the vertical and untreated joints. It was also confirmed that compacting from the hot side towards the joint improved the joint properties due to imposing a different flow pattern as compared to the frequent compaction methods. The latter finding highlighted the importance of asphalt particle rearrangements and flow during the compaction phase as a very little known subject in asphalt industry. Studies on compaction are of special practical importance since they may also contribute to reducing the possibility of over-compaction and aggregate crushing.
Therefore, in this study, a new test method, i.e. Flow Test (FT), was developed to simulate the material flow during compaction. Initially, asphalt materials were substituted by geometrically simple model materials to lower the level of complexity for checking the feasibility of the test method as well as modeling purposes. X-ray radiography images were also used for capturing the flow patterns during the test. Results of the FT on model materials showed the capability of the test method to clearly distinguish between specimens with different characteristics. In addition, a simple discrete element model was applied for a better understanding of the test results as a basis for further improvements when studying real mixtures. Then, real mixtures were prepared and tested under the same FT configuration and the results were found to support the findings from the feasibility tests. The test method also showed its potential for capturing flow pattern differences among different mixtures even without using the X-ray. Therefore, the FT was improved as an attempt towards developing a systematic workability test method focusing on the flow of particles at early stages of compaction and was called the Compaction Flow Test (CFT).
The CFT was used for testing mixtures with different characteristics to identify the parameters with highest impact on the asphalt particle movements under compaction forces. X-ray investigations during the CFT underlined the reliability of the CFT results. In addition, simple discrete element models were successfully generated to justify some of the CFT results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , xiv, 23 p.
TRITA-BYMA, ISSN 0349-5752 ; 2015:5
Cold asphalt pavement joints, asphalt joint laboratory production, IDT joint evaluation, DTT joint evaluation, 4PB joint evaluation, joints FEM analysis. Discrete Element Modeling (DEM), X-ray Computed Tomography (CT), Compaction Flow Test (CFT), Compactability
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-176319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-176319DiVA: diva2:866607
2015-11-24, B3, Brinellvägen 23, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Tebaldi, Gabriele, Associate Professor
Partl, Manfred N., Professor
QC 201511042015-11-042015-11-032015-11-04Bibliographically approved
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