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Challenges and countermeasures of China's energy security
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

To ensure energy security, the first to know what is energy, and second, what are the factors of non-security, means that the challenge of energy security. Finally, puts forward some policy or in the case of a reasonable method to solve it according to these problems. At present, energy security is facing two challenges of structural crisis and crisis management system. Concretely, main problems in that security are analyzed, which are considered to affect China and mostly embody in such four big areas as the great pressure in energy supply, the scarcity of relative energy resources, foreign oil dependence is too large, crisis management systems of energy security, the shortage of green energy. Furthermore the counter measures concerned are proposed, including saving energy and increasing the energy utilization rate, to establish strategic energy reserves, strengthening environmental protection and adjusting the primary energy structure.

China's rapid economic growth lead to sharp increase in oil imports. Due to China relies on a single chokepoint, the Malacca Strait, which has caused a high degree of concern about the safety of its energy. Nearly three-quarters of its oil imports flowing through the Strait. In view of its strategic importance to China and China’s little sway on the waterway, this view is mainly focused on China’s energy demand and supply in two aspects of concern.

The paper analysis of whether the current energy structure is appropriate and sustainable. Because the energy security is facing China's energy is more and more dependent on imported fuel and the need to convert energy to meet the demand of modern society and the rapid growth of the requirements of the economic challenges. Concludes that the China's new policy should focus on energy efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy and turned to the main energy source of natural gas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Energy security, Oil, Coal, Greenhouse gases, per capital, Malacca, energy structure, oil pipelines, energy efficiency
National Category
Energy Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-20547OAI: diva2:866434
Subject / course
Energy systems
Educational program
Energy systems – bachelor’s programme (in eng)
2015-09-29, 11:320, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2015-11-10 Created: 2015-11-02 Last updated: 2015-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering
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