Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Consistent individual differences in the social phenotypes of wild great tits, Parus major
Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Edward Grey Inst Field Ornithol, Oxford OX1 3PS, England.;Univ Calif Davis, Dept Anthropol, Davis, CA 95616 USA..
Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Edward Grey Inst Field Ornithol, Oxford OX1 3PS, England..
Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Edward Grey Inst Field Ornithol, Oxford OX1 3PS, England.;Univ Calif Davis, Dept Anthropol, Davis, CA 95616 USA.;Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Ancon, Italy..
Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Edward Grey Inst Field Ornithol, Oxford OX1 3PS, England..
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, E-ISSN 1095-8282, Vol. 108, 117-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite growing interest in animal social networks, surprisingly little is known about whether individuals are consistent in their social network characteristics. Networks are rarely repeatedly sampled; yet an assumption of individual consistency in social behaviour is often made when drawing conclusions about the consequences of social processes and structure. A characterization of such social phenotypes is therefore vital to understanding the significance of social network structure for individual fitness outcomes, and for understanding the evolution and ecology of individual variation in social behaviour more broadly. Here, we measured foraging associations over three winters in a large PIT-tagged population of great tits, and used a range of social network metrics to quantify individual variation in social behaviour. We then examined repeatability in social behaviour over both short (week to week) and long (year to year) timescales, and investigated variation in repeatability across age and sex classes. Social behaviours were significantly repeatable across all timescales, with the highest repeatability observed in group size choice and unweighted degree, a measure of gregariousness. By conducting randomizations to control for the spatial and temporal distribution of individuals, we further show that differences in social phenotypes were not solely explained by within-population variation in local densities, but also reflected fine-scale variation in social decision making. Our results provide rare evidence of stable social phenotypes in a wild population of animals. Such stable social phenotypes can be targets of selection and may have important fitness consequences, both for individuals and for their social-foraging associates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 108, 117-127 p.
Keyword [en]
animal personality, Parus major, repeatability, social behaviour, socixal network analysis
National Category
Zoology Behavioral Sciences Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264813DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.07.016ISI: 000361570000015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-264813DiVA: diva2:866244
Funder
EU, European Research Council, AdG 250164
Available from: 2015-11-02 Created: 2015-10-19 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(734 kB)84 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 734 kBChecksum SHA-512
6590122546b2a6a11aa661f10c218eb180873ec5354c16a0bed44c91ffdd89cd844600ab2894e72405fab44a989566dcc8d1917c140b4c9e58a3df3b12f9a98b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text
By organisation
Department of Ecology and Genetics
In the same journal
Animal Behaviour
ZoologyBehavioral Sciences Biology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 84 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 394 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf