The concept of 'work ability' from the view point of employers
2015 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 52, no 1, 153-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Since work ability is manifested in working life and "bought" by employers, employers perceptions of the concept are important to understand. Studies have shown that people with health problems want to take part in the labour market, but experience difficulties in gaining access. Additionally, studies have demonstrated the doubt felt by employers when they consider hiring a person with a disability.
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify and characterise employers' conceptions of work ability.
METHODS: The study design was qualitative with a phenomenographic approach. Six male and six female employers from various workplaces and geographical areas in Sweden were interviewed.
RESULTS: Three domains were identified: employees' contributions to work ability, employers' contributions to work ability and circumstances with limited work ability. Work ability was regarded as a tool in production and its output, production, was the main issue. The employees' commitment and interest could bridge other shortcomings.
CONCLUSIONS: The employers highlighted their own contributions in shaping work ability in order to fit with work circumstances. Health problems were not the only limiting issues; other circumstances, such as individual characteristics and contextual factors, could limit work ability too. Knowing the importance of commitment and interest is valuable in work rehabilitation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 52, no 1, 153-167 p.
Disability, vocational rehabilitation, work demand
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28212DOI: 10.3233/WOR-152037ISI: 000362142300015PubMedID: 26410230ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84940558033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28212DiVA: diva2:862595