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Effekter av habitatstorlek, konnektivitet och områdesskydd på förekomst av revlummer Lycopodium annotinum och mattlummer Lycopodium clavatum i Södermanland
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Studien syftar till att testa teorier om effekter av habitatstorlek, konnektivitet, områdesskydd, habitatmängd och fragmentering på enskilda arters förekomstmönster, samt undersöka existensen av fragmenteringströskel och utdöendetröskel. Förekomstdata för revlummer Lycopodium annotinum och mattlummer Lycopodium clavatum har insamlats i 61 skogsfragment utspridda i 10 kartrutor à 2,5×2,5 km i landskapet Södermanland. I vardera skogsfragment undersöktes en yta om 500m2. Revlummer förekom i 13 och mattlummer i 10 av de undersökta skogsfragmenten. I 7 kartrutor förekom revlummer i minst 1 skogsfragment, för mattlummer var motsvarande siffra 8 kartrutor. Resultaten visar att habitatstorlek har en signifikant positiv effekt på förekomst av revlummer och mattlummer samt att konnektivitet har en signifikant positiv effekt på förekomst av mattlummer. Områdesskydd, habitatmängd och fragmentering i landskapet har ingen påvisad effekt på förekomst av dessa arter och ingen fragmenteringströskel eller utdöendetröskel har hittats. Dessa resultat indikerar att ett bevarande av skogsfragment med stor storlek och hög konnektivitet är viktigt för de undersökta arternas fortsatta livskraft.  

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to test theories of the effects of habitat size, connectivity, area protection, habitat amount and fragmentation on the occurrence of single species, plus examining the existence of a fragmentation threshold and an extinction threshold. Occurrence of stiff clubmoss Lycopodium annotinum and stag’s-horn clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum was examined in 61 forest fragments scattered over 10 large 2,5×2,5 km plots, located in the county of Stockholm in Sweden. In each forest an area covering 500m2 was searched for the two species. Lycopodium annotinum occured in 13 and L. clavatum in 10 of the investigated fragments. Lycopodium annotinum occurred in at least 1 fragment in 7 large plots, 8 large plots was the corresponding number for L. clavatum. The results showed a significant positive effect of habitat size on the occurrence of both species and a significant positive effect of connectivity on the occurrence of Lycopodium clavatum. Area protection, habitat amount and fragmentation had no observed effect on the occurrence of these species, and no fragmentation threshold or extinction threshold was found. These results indicate the importance of preserving large forest fragments with high connectivity, to assure continued viability of the examined species.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
area protection, connectivity, extinction threshold, fragmentation, fragmentation threshold, habitat amount, habitat quality, habitat size
Keyword [sv]
fragmentering, fragmenteringströskel, habitatkvalitet, habitatmängd, utdöendetröskel
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28616OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-28616DiVA: diva2:862580
Subject / course
Environmental Science
Uppsok
Life Earth Science
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-10-23 Created: 2015-10-22 Last updated: 2015-10-23Bibliographically approved

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