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Helping students remember: catalytic knowledge and knowledge outlines with visual mnemonics
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

To recall educational content from a lecture or textbook is an efficient way to learn (Karpicke & Blunt, 2011), which is referred to as retrieval practice (Karpicke & Roediger, 2008). It is currently seldom used among students (Karpicke, Butler, & Roediger, 2009), even though it provides benefits such as reducing test anxiety (Agarwal, D’Antonio, Roediger III, McDermott, & McDaniel, 2014), longer lasting memories (Karpicke & Blunt, 2011), and also benefit future learning (Pastötter & Bäuml, 2014). But, in order for retrieval practice to work efficiently, the students must not fail to recall too much of the educational content (Kornell, Bjork, & Garcia, 2011). So in order to help students use retrieval practice, I suggest they are provided with an outlining of the educational content, as this probably helps them remember and recall more of it. In this thesis, I conclude with an experimental approach that it is possible to help students remember such knowledge outlines, and how it can be done. Furthermore, since knowledge such as knowledge about the human anatomy, can be catalytic in the sense that it can enhance future learning (Hattie, 2009; Van Overschelde & Healy, 2001), I also suggest that catalytic knowledge should be identified and made memorable by educators using similar techniques as in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 62 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, 2014ht01401
Keyword [en]
experiment, mnemonics, retrieval practice, scaffolding, catalytic knowledge, education
Keyword [sv]
experiment, minnesteknik
National Category
Educational Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265006OAI: diva2:862206
Subject / course
Educational Sciences
Educational program
Teacher Education Programme
Available from: 2015-10-30 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2016-02-05Bibliographically approved

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