Radiation induced corrosion of copper
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The process of radiation induced corrosion of copper is not well understood. The most obvious situation where the knowledge of this process is crucial is in a deep repository for high level spent nuclear fuel where the fuel will be sealed inside copper canisters. The radiation will penetrate the canisters and be absorbed by the surrounding environment. In this study gamma irradiations of polished and pre-oxidized copper cubes in anoxic pure water, air of 60-100 % RH and in humid argon were performed. The copper surfaces were examined using IRAS, XPS, cathodic reduction, SEM, AFM, and Raman spectroscopy. The concentration of copper in the reaction solutions was measured using ICP-OES. Also the formation of oxidative species caused by radiation absorption of water was studied by numerical simulations using MAKSIMA software. The corrosion of copper during gamma irradiation vastly exceeds what is expected. The production of oxidative species caused by radiation absorption of water is hundreds of times too low to explain the amount of oxidized copper. A possible explanation for this mismatch is an enhanced radiation chemical yield of HO· on the copper surface. Another one is an increased surface area due to oxidation of copper. One speculation is that HO· interacting with the copper oxide can cause oxidation of the metal. If the thermodynamic driving force is large enough then electrons can be conducted from the metal through the oxide to the oxidant. A dramatic increase in surface area together with an increased interfacial yield of HO· might explain the radiation enhanced corrosion process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , vii, 77 p.
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2015:57
Corrosion, oxidation, copper, copper oxide, gamma radiation, radiolysis, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical
Research subject Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175739ISBN: 978-91-7595-710-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-175739DiVA: diva2:862125
2015-11-18, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Mostafavi, Mehran, Professor
Jonsson, Mats, ProfessorLeygraf, Christofer, Professor
QC 201510222015-10-222015-10-202015-10-22Bibliographically approved
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