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Setup for Micro Photo- and Electro-Luminescence of Optoelectronic Device Structures
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Photoluminescence (PL) is an optical emission induced by photon absorption in a material where electrons are excited from the ground state to excited states, then relax to the lowest excited states and recombine radiatively. The PL emission provides vital information on bandgap energy, material purity and crystal quality. In this project, a PL characterization system, also capable of electroluminescence (EL) measurements, was designed and assem- bled to measure optoelectronic device structures with the capabilities of recording PL or EL spectra as well as micrometer-resolved PL or EL maps on device structures or active components.

In order to realize the system with the above functions, an optical setup and a monochro- mator were used to achieve micrometer-range resolution and reasonable signal-to-noise ra- tio. A hardware control platform needed to be designed and assembled to control the precise movement of the sample stage and monochromator as well as for acquiring the signal. A PC-based control software were developed for fully automatic measurements . Furthermore, adequate alignment and calibration methods had to be developed to tune the optical path, monochromator and control program.

The setup employs the basic ideas of confocal microscopy, with the parallel laser input focused on the sample surface with a spot diameter of 0.78 μm. A Czerny Turner diffraction grating based monochromator is used to measure PL emissions. A 532 nm laser diode and an InGaAs or Si detector are applied in the system for spectral range of detection of at least 850- 1600 nm, i.e. covering the important data and tele communication bands. The project builds on a platform containing EasyDrivers, an Anduino Uno micro-controller and a Labview based operation software, together working with an amplifier circuit for stepper motors actuation and signal acquisition. Finally, different quantum well samples were measured, showing that the wavelength accuracy and resolution as well as the program flexibility meet the specifications of the setup. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 85 p.
TRITA-ICT-EX, 2015:136
Keyword [en]
Photoluminescence, Photoluminescence setup, Electroluminescence, Optoelectronic device
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-175708OAI: diva2:862058
Subject / course
Microelectronics and Applied Physics
Educational program
Master of Science - Nanotechnology
Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2015-10-20Bibliographically approved

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