The record of Australian Jurassic plant-arthropod interactions
2015 (English)In: Gondwana Research, ISSN 1342-937X, E-ISSN 1878-0571, Vol. 27, 940-959 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A survey of Australian Jurassic plant fossil assemblages reveals examples of foliar andwood damage generated by terrestrial arthropods attributed to leaf-margin feeding, surface feeding, lamina hole feeding, galling, piercingand-sucking, leaf-mining, boring and oviposition. These types of damage are spread across a wide range of fern and gymnosperm taxa, but are particularly well represented on derived gymnosperm clades, such as Pentoxylales and Bennettitales. Several Australian Jurassic plants show morphological adaptations in the form of minute marginal and apical spines on leaves and bracts, and scales on rachises that likely represent physical defences against arthropod herbivory. Only two entomofaunal assemblages are presently known from the Australian Jurassic but these reveal a moderate range of taxa, particularly among the Orthoptera, Coleoptera, Hemiptera and Odonata, all of which are candidates for the dominant feeding traits evidenced by the fossil leaf and axis damage. The survey reveals that plant–arthropod interactions in the Jurassic at middle to high southern latitudes of southeastern Gondwana incorporated a similar diversity of feeding strategies to those represented in coeval communities from other provinces. Further, the range of arthropod damage types is similar between Late Triassic and Jurassic assemblages from Gondwana despite substantial differences in the major plant taxa, implying that terrestrial invertebrate herbivoreswere able to successfully transfer to alternative plant hosts during the floristic turnovers at the Triassic–Jurassic transition.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 27, 940-959 p.
Mesozoic, Arthropod damage types, Functional feeding groups, Gymnosperms, Ferns
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject Ecosystems and species history
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-1341DOI: 10.1016/j.gr.2013.11.009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-1341DiVA: diva2:862053
ProjectsVR 2010-3931 Reconstructing the lost forests of Antarctica: the palaeoecology, anatomy and phylogeny of the iconic Glossopteris floraVR 2014-5234 Exceptional permineralized biotas - windows into the evolution and functional diversity of terrestrial ecosystems through time
FunderSwedish Research Council, VR 2010-3931Swedish Research Council, VR 2014-5234